With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual. "Body" often is used in connection with appearance, health issues and death. The study of the workings of the body is physiology.
The human body mostly consists of a head
, two arms
and two legs
In some contexts, a superficial element of a body, such as hair
may be regarded as not a part of it, even while attached. The same is true of excretable substances, such as stool
, both while residing in the body and afterwards.
composed of more than one cell
are not normally regarded as possessing a body.
The body of a dead person is also called a corpse, for humans
, or cadaver.
The dead bodies of vertebrate
and humans are sometimes called carcasses
. The study of the structure of the body is called anatomy
In the views emerging from the mind-body dichotomy
, the body is considered in behavior
and therefore considered as little valued and trivial. Many modern philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body.
See also: regarding corpses