Definitions

Scipio

Scipio

[sip-ee-oh, skip-]
Scipio, ancient Roman family of the Cornelian gens. They were patricians. During the 3d and 2d cent. B.C. they were distinguished by their love of Greek culture and learning. Their wealth and extravagance were detested by the family of Cato the Elder, who worked hard to ruin them. Cnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus, d. 211 B.C., consul in 222, was sent to Spain (218) to destroy the supply lines of Hannibal, who was invading Italy. He and his brother Publius defeated Hasdrubal (215) and captured Saguntum (212). They were killed in separate engagements. Publius Cornelius Scipio, d. c.211 B.C., brother of Calvus, was consul in 218. He tried vainly to intercept Hannibal in Gaul, then rushed back to Italy, where he failed to hold the enemy at the Ticino River. He fought (against his judgment) at Trebbia, where Hannibal won (218) his great victory. The next year he joined Calvus in Spain. Publius was the father of the conqueror of Hannibal, Scipio Africanus Major. Africanus Major's wife was the sister of Aemilius Paullus, his daughter Cornelia was the mother of the Gracchi, and his eldest son was the adoptive father of Scipio Africanus Minor. Africanus Minor was the son of Aemilius Paullus. Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio, d. c.132 B.C., consul in 138, and pontifex maximus, was a son of Africanus Major's daughter; despite the family connections he led the mob of senators that murdered Tiberius Gracchus. He left Rome to escape popular hatred. A descendant of Nasica Serapio was adopted by Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius (see under Metellus) and named Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, d. 46 B.C. He early became a leader of the senatorial conservatives and was allied with Pompey from 53 B.C., when he ran against Milo for the consulship. In 52, Pompey made Scipio his colleague in the consulship, and Scipio threw all his influence against Julius Caesar. He backed the measure in the senate of 49, designed to wrest the army from Caesar. In 49 B.C.-48 B.C. he was governor of Syria, where he displayed a rapacity unusual even in the Roman Empire. He commanded the center at Pharsalus and fled after the battle to Africa. He fought Caesar and lost at Thapsus and took to the sea to escape. He was met by a fleet under one of Caesar's lieutenants, and, foreseeing capture, he stabbed himself.
or Scipio Aemilianus in full Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus

(born 185/184—died 129 BC, Rome) Roman general credited with the final subjugation of Carthage. He was the natural son of Paullus and the adoptive son of Publius Scipio, son of Scipio Africanus the Elder. Polybius instilled in him the ideals of honour, glory, and military success. He first distinguished himself in the Third Macedonian War (168). He then campaigned in Spain and went on to Africa (150), where he displayed great military skill against Carthage while serving as military tribune, and demand arose that he take the command against Carthage. Though under age, he was elected consul in 147 and returned to Africa. He besieged and destroyed Carthage (146), ending the Third Punic War and establishing the province of Africa. Again made consul in 134, he was given command of the Celtiberian War (see Celtiberia), and he secured Spain by besieging and destroying Numantia (133). Back in Rome, he took an unpopular position on a bill supported by his friend Tiberius Gracchus; he was due to speak on the question when he died unexpectedly.

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in full Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus

(born 236—died 183 BC, Liternum, Campania) Roman general in the Second Punic War. He was born into a patrician family that had produced several consuls. As a military tribune, he fought at the Battle of Cannae (216), managing to escape from the defeat. While still young, he secured Spain for Rome by 206, driving the Carthaginians out and avenging his father's death. As consul in 205 he was granted permission to attack the Carthaginians in Africa. In 202 he was victorious over Hannibal at the Battle of Zama, ending the Second Punic War and winning the name Africanus. His political opponents, led by Cato, accused Scipio and his brother Lucius of offering too lenient terms to Macedonia after their engagement there and of not being able to account for money supposedly received in those terms. Though there was no evidence of his guilt, Scipio withdrew from public life and died a virtual exile.

Learn more about Scipio Africanus (the Elder) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Scipio is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,537 at the 2000 census. The town name was provided by a clerk with an interest in the classics.

The Town of Scipio is centrally located in the county and is south of Auburn, New York.

History

Scipio was part of the Central New York Military Tract, land reserved for veterans. The first settler arrived aroung 1790. The town of Scipio was formed in 1798 when Cayuga County was formed. In 1823, part of Scipio was used to form the Towns of Springport and Venice.

Notable people from Scipio

Scipio was the birthplace of James Strang, the controversial leader of a Latter Day Saint movement fracture group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite). Strang moved from Scipio by the time he was three.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.3 square miles (101.9 km²), of which, 36.7 square miles (95.0 km²) of it is land and 2.7 square miles (6.9 km²) of it (6.76%) is water.

The east town line is marked by Owasco Lake, one of the Finger Lakes.

New York State Route 34, New York State Route 34B, and New York State Route 38 are north-south highways in Scipio.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,537 people, 571 households, and 424 families residing in the town. The population density was 41.9 people per square mile (16.2/km²). There were 702 housing units at an average density of 19.1/sq mi (7.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.59% White, 0.20% African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 571 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $44,491, and the median income for a family was $50,395. Males had a median income of $34,671 versus $22,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,705. About 2.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Scipio

  • Ashland -- A hamlet on Owasco Lake in the southeast part of Scipio by NY-38.
  • Bolts Corners -- A location in the southwest part of Scipio, east of Sherwood.
  • Botsford Corners -- A location near the south town line, west of Ashland.
  • Casowasco -- A hamlet on the shore of Owasco Lake in the southeast part of Scipio.
  • Club 34-- A rocking bar with ladies night every Thursday!!! Come see Scipio's finest
  • Covey Corners -- A location near the south town line, west of Ashland.
  • Edgewater -- A hamlet on Owasco Lake in the southeast part of Scipio.
  • Elmwood -- A hamlet on Owasco Lake and NY-38 in the northeast part of Scipio.
  • Kings Corners -- A location near the west town line on NY-34B.
  • Merrifield -- A hamlet between Scipio Center and Scipioville.
  • Number One -- A location near the west town line on NY-34B, north of Kings Corners.
  • Owasco Lake Station -- A hamlet at the northeast corner of Scipio on Owasco Lake.
  • Scipio Center -- A hamlet located on NY-34 near the town center.
  • Scipioville -- A hamlet located on NY-34B, west of Scipio Center.
  • Sherwood -- A hamlet on NY-34B near the south town line, south of Scipioville.

References

External links

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