is a town
in Allegany County
, New York
, United States
. The population was 1,914 at the 2000 census.
The Town of Scio, in the southern half of the county and north of the Village of Wellsville.
The town was first settled around 1805 by Joseph Knight, a minuteman
in the American Revolution
- Knights Creek, which flows into the Genesee River
near Scio is named for him. The Town of Scio was created in 1823 from the Town of Angelica
. Some of its territory was later lost during the formation of the Towns of Amity
(1855), and Willing
Marine Corporal Jason Dunham
, the second recipient of the Medal of Honor
in Operation Iraqi Freedom
, was a native of Scio.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 35.3 square miles
), of which, 35.2 square miles (91.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.09%) is water.
The Genesee River flows northward through the town, and Knight Creek and Vandermark Creek flow into the river by Scio village.
New York State Route 19 is a major north-south highway passing through the town. Scio is located on the mainline of the Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 1,914 people, 729 households, and 532 families residing in the town. The population density
was 54.3 people per square mile (21.0/km²). There were 894 housing units at an average density of 25.4/sq mi (9.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.39% White
, 0.26% African American
, 0.42% Native American
, 0.26% Asian
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 0.47% from other races
, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 0.37% of the population.
There were 729 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,679, and the median income for a family was $38,250. Males had a median income of $30,242 versus $20,595 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,472. About 11.5% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Scio
- Knight Creek -- A hamlet on County Road 9 near the south town line and the name of the stream by which it is located. It is named after early settlers of the town.
- Norton Summit -- A location north of Petrolia on Route 18.
- Petrolia -- A hamlet on County Road 18 near the south town line.
- Scio -- The hamlet of Scio is at the junction of County Roads 9 (River Street) and 10 (Vandermark Road) and NY Route 19 near the north town line. The Genesee River passes by the village.