Schaudinn

Schaudinn

[shou-din]
Schaudinn, Fritz, 1871-1906, German zoologist. He confirmed the work of Sir Ronald Ross and G. B. Grassi on malaria, investigated amoebic dysentery, and in his research on protozoa discovered (1905) with Erich Hoffmann the Treponema pallidum (or Spirochaeta pallida) of syphilis.
Fritz Richard Schaudinn (Sept 19, 1871 – 22 June, 1906) was a German zoologist

Born in Röseningken, East Prussia, he co-discovered, with Erich Hoffmann in 1905, the causative agent of syphilis, Spirochaeta pallida (also known as Treponema pallidum). Work was carried out at the Berlin Charité Clinic.

Among Schaudinn's other contributions to medicine include his work in the field of amoebic dysentery and sleeping sickness, his confirmation of the work of Sir Ronald Ross and Giovanni Battista Grassi (1854-1925) in the field of malaria research. He also demonstrated that human hookworm infection is contracted through the skin of the feet. He made noted contributions to zoology and was one of the developers of protozoology as an experimental science. Schaudinn was a graduate in zoology of the Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin. Since 2002 an annual medical prize has been awarded in his name.

Schaudinn died during his journey back to Germany from an International Medicine Meeting in Lisbon, when he underwent an urgent surgery aboard due to gastrointestinal amebian abscesses. Such amebian infection had probably been voluntarily acquired when he did research on amebas. Schaudinn was a little under 35 years of age when he died in Hamburg.

References

  • Brath, Klaus (2006). "[100 years ago died Fritz Schaudinn, discoverer of the syphilis agent: unrecognized in his own country]". MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 148 (23): 68.
  • Kohl, P K; Winzer I (2005). "[The 100 years since discovery of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 56 (2): 112-5.
  • Mollenhauer, D (2000). "Founder of "Archiv für Protistenkunde": Fritz Schaudinn - his unfinished life". Protist 151 (3): 283-7.
  • McCarthy, J T (1991). "A day with an immortal". Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner 47 (3): 155-6.
  • Klingmüller, G (1983). "[Treponema pallidum or Spirochaeta pallida?]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 34 (12): 628-31.
  • Hesse, P G "[F.R. Schaudinn and his work]". Przeglad dermatologiczny 70 (3): 303-6.
  • Pastinszky, I (1981). "[On the 75th anniversary of the death of Fritz Richard Schaudinn]". Orvosi hetilap 122 (24): 1465-7.
  • Longo, L D (1978). "Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. Vorläufiger Bericht über das Vorkommen von Spirochaeten in syphilitischen Krankheitsprodukten und bei Papillomen. Fritz Richard Schaudinn and Erich Hoffmann. Arbeiten aus dem kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamtes (Berlin), vol. 22, pp. 527-534, 1905". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 132 (5): 571-2.
  • Spier, H W (1972). "[In memoriam Fritz Schaudinn (1871-1906): discoverer of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 23 (12): 563-5.
  • Hesse, P G (1972). "[Fritz Schaudinn, life and work]". Das Deutsche Gesundheitswesen 27 (45): 2153-6.
  • Schaudinn, L (1972). "[100th birthday of Fritz Schaudinn]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 23 (4): 191-2.
  • Sönnichsen, N (1972). "[100th anniversary of Fritz Richard Schaudinn]". Dermatologische Monatschrift 158 (2): 73-7.
  • Thorburn, A L (1971). "Fritz Richard Schaudinn, 1871-1906: protozoologist of syphilis". The British journal of venereal diseases 47 (6): 459-61.
  • Hesse, P G (1967). "[Fritz Schaudinn as literary model]". Praxis 56 (26): 910-2.
  • Kenéz, J (1966). "[Who discovered the causative agent of syphilis? (Fritz Schaudinn)]". Orvosi hetilap 107 (31): 1477-80.
  • (1965). "SCHAUDINN, PROTOZOOLOGIST OF SYPHILIS". JAMA 192 635-6.
  • GRITSKEVICH, V P (1961). "[Friedrich SCHAUDINN.]". Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii 35 68-70.
  • HARTMANN, M (1955). "[My connection with F. Schaudinn and his work.]". Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. 1. Abt. Medizinisch-hygienische Bakteriologie, Virusforschung und Parasitologie. Originale 164 (1-5): 13-4.
  • HARTMANN, M (1955). "[In memory of Fritz Schaudinn.]". Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. 1. Abt. Medizinisch-hygienische Bakteriologie, Virusforschung und Parasitologie. Originale 164 (1-5): 5-12.
  • REICHENOW, E (1951). "[In memoriam Fritz Schaudinn.]". Zeitschrift für Tropenmedizin und Parasitologie 3 (2): 139-44.

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