Schaff, Philip

Schaff, Philip

Schaff, Philip, 1819-93, biblical scholar and church historian in America, b. Switzerland. He went to the United States in 1844 to teach in the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church, Mercersburg, Pa. His importance as an interpreter of German theology and (in his writings) as a conveyor of the religious thought of America to Germany gained wide recognition. From 1870 until his death he was professor at Union Theological Seminary, New York City, where he held the chair of sacred literature (1874) and of church history (1887). Schaff was president of the American branch of the English Bible Revision Committee. He edited the first edition (1882-84) of the Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge and wrote A History of the Christian Church (7 vol., 1858-90). His literary work embraced the writing or editing of some 80 publications.
The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge is a religious encyclopedia (1st edition 1882-84; 3rd edition 1891; new edition published in thirteen volumes 1908-14). It focuses on Christianity from a primarily Protestant point of view.

Edited by the Reverend Philip Schaff (1819-1893) in its English language version, it was based on editions of the Realencyklopädie für protestantische Theologie und Kirche founded by Johann Jakob Herzog (1805-1882). The new edition was a substantial update on the earlier text, being based throughout on the 3rd edition of the Realencyklopädie, edited by Albert Hauck.

As of 2004, the 1914 text is in the public domain (and thus can be incorporated into any other work). The Christian Classics Ethereal Library has digitised the work, and made it available to be read online. Logos Bible Software is also undertaking a digitization project of the work.

External links

New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge by Philip Schaff

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