Definitions

sawmill

sawmill

[saw-mil]
sawmill, installation or facility in which cut logs are sawed into standard-sized boards and timbers. The saws used in such an installation are generally of three types: the circular saw, which consists of a disk with teeth around its edge; the band saw, which consists of a hoop of flexible metal that runs over pulleys and has teeth along one edge; and the log gang saw, which consists of saw blades separated by desired distances in a frame that oscillates as a log is fed into it. Logs are fed to gang saws through pressure rollers that ensure straight cutting. With other saws the log rides on a conveyor or carriage. Provision is made for placement of the log in a new position for each cut, by the worker who rides the carriage or by the one who operates the saw. Recently it has been discovered that a jet of water at a pressure of several thousand pounds per square inch is capable of cutting a log at a rate comparable to that of sawing. Despite the fairly exotic hardware necessary for this method, it reduces the kerfs, or widths of cuts, thus wasting less material, and it does not produce the flammable dust created by sawing. In sawmills that use their waste as raw material for wood pulp, logs are passed through machines that remove their bark prior to sawing. A large sawmill may have a capacity of several hundred thousand board feet per day.

Machine or plant with power-driven machines for sawing logs into rough-squared sections or into planks and boards. A sawmill may be equipped with planing, molding, tenoning, and other machines for finishing processes. Cutting is performed on various large machines; reciprocating saws, band saws, or circular saws cut the log into various thicknesses as it moves past the saw on a feeder table. The biggest mills are usually located where timber can be brought by river or rail, and mill design is affected by the mode of transportation.

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Sawmill (Niʼiijííhasání) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 612 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Sawmill is located at (35.896635, -109.158709).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 612 people, 161 households, and 123 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 105.3 people per square mile (40.7/km²). There were 241 housing units at an average density of 41.5/sq mi (16.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 2.12% White, 97.06% Native American, 0.49% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. 1.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 161 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 23.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.74 and the average family size was 4.47.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 40.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $12,875, and the median income for a family was $17,386. Males had a median income of $14,375 versus $23,409 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $4,495. About 47.1% of families and 53.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.1% of those under age 18 and 39.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Sawmill is a part of Window Rock Unified School District.

Sawmill is served by Window Rock Elementary School, Tse Ho Tso Middle School, Window Rock High School.

References

External links

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