Definitions

savitskaya

Svetlana Savitskaya

Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya (Светла́на Евге́ньевна Сави́цкая; born August 8, 1948, in Moscow, Russian SFSR) is a former Soviet female aviator and cosmonaut who flew the Soyuz T-7 in 1982, becoming the second woman in space some 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova. She is the daughter of a Soviet military commander Yevgeniy Savitskiy.

She started training as a cosmonaut in 1980.

While on Salyut 7 space station, Savitskaya became the first woman ever to perform a space walk (on July 25, 1984). She was outside the space station for 3 hours 35 minutes.

Upon returning to Earth, Savitskaya was assigned as a commander of an all-female Soyuz crew to Salyut 7 in commemoration of the International Women's Day, a mission that was later canceled.

She was twice awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title. The asteroid 4118 Sveta is named for her.

She was also a test and sports pilot - starting from 1974 she set 18 international world records on MiG aircraft and three records in team parachute jumping. She also won the first place at the 6th FAI World Aerobatic Championship in 1970.

Savitskaya has retired in 1993 in the rank of Major of Russian Air Force.

She is a member of the State Duma representing the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.

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