Definitions

savanna

savanna

[suh-van-uh]
savanna or savannah, tropical or subtropical grassland lying on the margin of the trade wind belts. The climate of a savanna is characterized by a rainy period during the summer when the area is covered by grasses, and by a dry winter when the grasses wither. Savannas near the equatorial belt, e.g., in Nigeria, support clumps of trees. The most extensive savannas—all important pasture lands—are in Africa; others include the llanos and the campos of South America.

Savanna is a city in Carroll County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,542 at the 2000 census. As of 2005 census estimates, the population had decreased to 3,288.

Savanna is located along the Mississippi River at the mouth of the Plum River. Going from north to south, the second automobile bridge between Iowa and Illinois is located just north of Savanna, and is part of the U.S. Highway 52 route. The bridge leads to Sabula, Iowa, which is across the river from Savanna. U.S. Highway 52 goes through Savanna.

Savanna has produced several notable natives. These include "America's Waltz King" Wayne King, professional wrestler Tommy Treichel, guitarist Billy Zoom (Tyson Kindell), and former NASA astronaut Dale Gardner.

Savanna Army Depot

In 1917, the United States Army purchased of land about seven miles (11 km) north of Savanna to construct the Savanna Army Depot. Originally the land was to be used as a test range for munitions produced at the Rock Island, Illinois Arsenal. In 1921, the mission of the installation was changed to be a depot.

By 1995, the Savanna Army Depot was identified by Congress as one of the bases that would be closed under the Base Realignment and Closure Act. On March 18, 2000, the Savanna Army Depot was closed.

Some of the land is being redeveloped. One of the most controversial redevelopment projects was the building of a medium security prison on the depot land. Instead, the Thomson Correctional Center was constructed several miles south of Savanna, just outside of the town of Thomson, IL.Which to this day remains empty but may be opened soon.

Geography

Savanna is located at (42.090069, -90.140050).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km²), of which, 2.6 square miles (6.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (3.33%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,542 people, 1,558 households, and 886 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,357.7 people per square mile (524.0/km²). There were 1,790 housing units at an average density of 686.1/sq mi (264.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.10% White, 1.52% African American,

0.34% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.25% of the population.

There were 1,558 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,180, and the median income for a family was $38,255. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $20,954 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,150. About 14.2% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Today

Savanna is experiencing an influx of "weekenders" from Chicago & St. Louis, drawn to the area by its small town charm and affordable housing stock. Many homes have been purchased recently & restored as second homes for those seeking a quiet weekend home away from the city.

An annual garden walk takes place in July showcasing some of the area's finest gardens, which benefit from the areas fertile Mississippi River soil.

The downtown area has revived some since the mid-1990s closing of the Army Depot with the addition of new ornamental lighting to complement the late 1800s buildings. The city is trying to lure more shops to the main street in hopes of becoming more of a weekend destination, like nearby Galena.

Savanna is known as "The Metropolis" of Carrol County because it contains the county's only stop light.

References

External links

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