or giant silkworm moth
Polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus)
Any of some 800 moth
species of the principally tropical family Saturniidae. Adults have a stout, hairy body and broad wings, often vividly coloured and patterned. Most species have a central eyespot on each wing. Among the saturniids are the io moth (Automeris io
); the giant cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia
), the largest moth native to North America, with a wingspan of 6 in. (15 cm); several species of Antheraea
that are used as a source of commercial silk; the emperor moth (Saturnia pavonia
); and the luna moth
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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.