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saturation

saturation

[sach-uh-rey-shuhn]
saturation, of an organic compound, condition occurring when its molecules contain no double or triple bonds and thus cannot undergo addition reactions. For example, ethane (H3C-CH3) is a saturated compound. A compound is called unsaturated if it can undergo addition reactions. In the unsaturated compound ethene (H2C--CH2), the carbon-carbon double bond readily reacts, e.g., with hydrogen to form ethane.
saturation, of a solution: see solution.
Saturation or saturated generally means "thoroughly full", while unsaturated means less than full. These terms may be related to:

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