[sat-soo-muh, sat-suh-muh Japn. sah-tsoo-mah]
Satsuma, peninsula, Kagoshima prefecture, SW Kyushu, Japan. It gives its name to a famous porcelain, Satsuma ware, which was first manufactured there by Korean artisans in the 16th cent. As a feudal province, Satsuma was controlled by the powerful Shimazu clan, which exacted tribute from the Ryukyu Islands from the 17th to the 19th cent. and developed Satsuma into one of the most advanced areas in 19th-century Japan. Kagoshima, the capital of Satsuma, was a center of Western influence in Japan. In 1877, Takamori Saigo led the Satsuma clansmen in a rebellion against the imperial government. This rebellion, suppressed by the imperial army, was the last serious internal threat to the Meiji restoration.
Satsuma is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 5,687. It is a part of the Mobile metropolitan statistical area.


Satsuma is located at (30.854518, -88.054415).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.5 square miles (16.9 km²), of which, 6.5 square miles (16.9 km²) of it is land and 0.15% is water.


  • 1878 Mandarin Satsuma oranges introduced to Alabama
  • 1900 Satsuma area known as Fig Tree Island
  • 1910 Pace Orange Orchard had about 100 acres of pecans and satsuma trees on the area
  • 1915 Town named "Satsuma"
  • 1918 Mr. Norman E. McConaghy hired as manager of the Satsuma Orange & Pecan Groves Company.
  • 1922 Packing house built that still stands above Mac's Landing
  • 1912-1924 Satsuma trees damaged by cold weather & citrus canker
  • 1959 Plans for a Town Charter submitted to the County of Mobile and the State of Alabama were approved. April 6, 1959 was the first municipal election.


As of the census of 2000, there were 5,687 people, 2,017 households, and 1,688 families residing in the city. The population density was 873.1 people per square mile (337.3/km²). There were 2,107 housing units at an average density of 323.5/sq mi (125.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.72% White, 5.05% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,017 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,496, and the median income for a family was $53,180. Males had a median income of $39,123 versus $24,851 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,972. About 4.7% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.


Satsuma is served by the Mobile County Public School System.

The schools that serve Satsuma include Robert E. Lee Primary School (Kindergarten through 2), Robert E. Lee Intermediate School (3 through 5), a middle school (6-8), Satsuma High School (9-12). Lee Primary, Lee Intermediate, and Satsuma High are in the city of Satsuma, while Adams Middle is in the nearby city of Saraland.

In June 2006, Saraland voted for its own city school system Saraland officials expect to have the new school system in operation by 2009. If the Saraland school district does not allow for Satsuma residents to attend Adams Middle School, MCPSS may have to construct a new middle school or rezone students to an existing middle school.


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