Sapotaceae

Sapotaceae

Sapotaceae is a family of flowering plants, belonging to order Ericales. The family includes approximately 800 species of evergreen trees and shrubs in approximately 65 genera (35-75, depending on generic definition). Distribution is pantropical.

Many species produce edible fruits, and/or have other economic uses. Species noted for their edible fruits include Manilkara zapota (Sapodilla, Sapota), Manilkara chicle (Chicle), Chrysophyllum cainito (Star-apple or Golden Leaf Tree), Pouteria (Abiu, Canistel, Lúcuma, Mamey sapote), Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea) and Sideroxylon australe (Australian native plum). Shea (shi in several Manding languages of West Africa; karité in French) is also the source of an oil-rich nut, the source of edible "shea butter," which is the major lipid source for many African ethnic groups and is also used in traditional and Western cosmetics and medications. The 'miracle fruit,' Synsepalum dulcificum is also in Sapotaceae.

Trees of the genus Palaquium (Gutta-percha) produce an important latex with a wide variety of uses.

The seeds of the tree Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels produce an edible oil, traditionally harvested in Morocco.

The family name is derived from Zapotl, a Mexican vernacular name latinised by Linnaeus to Sapota, a name now treated as a synonym of Manilkara (also formerly known by the invalid name Achras). Genera

  • Gluema
  • Inhambanella
  • Isonandra
  • Labourdonnaisia
  • Labramia
  • Lecomtedoxa
  • Leptostylis
  • Letestua
  • Madhuca
  • Manilkara
  • Mastichodendron
  • Micropholis
  • Neohemsleya
  • Neolemonniera
  • Nesoluma
  • Niemeyera
  • Northia
  • Omphalocarpum
  • Palaquium
  • Payena
  • Pichonia
  • Planchonella - sometimes included in Pouteria
  • Pouteria
  • Pradosia
  • Pycnandra
  • Sarcaulus
  • Sarcosperma
  • Sideroxylon
  • Synsepalum
  • Tieghemella
  • Tridesmostemon
  • Tsebona
  • Vitellaria (syn. Butyrospermum)
  • Vitellariopsis
  • Xantolis
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