Sampaio, Jorge Fernando Branco de, 1939-, Portuguese politician, president of Portugal (1996-), b. Lisbon. Sampaio, who comes from a prominent and intellectually distinguished Lisbon family, is a lawyer. A member of the Socialist party since 1978, he was first elected to parliament in 1979 and was reelected four times; he headed the Socialist party from 1989 to 1992. Sampaio was a popular mayor of Lisbon from 1989 to 1995. Elected to the presidency in 1996, he promised to promote stability, rid Portugal of political corruption, aid the disadvantaged, and fight rising unemployment. He was reelected in 2001.
Jorge Sampaio
President of Portugal
Order: 19th (5th since the Carnation revolution)
Term of Office 9 March 1996 - 9 March 2006
Predecessor: Mário Soares
Successor: Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Date of Birth 18 September 1939 (age 69)
Place of Birth: Lisbon
Wife: Maria José Rodrigues Ritta (previously married to Karin Schmidt Dias)
Occupation: Lawyer
Political Party: Socialist
Religion: Agnostic

Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio, GColTE, GCIH, GColL is a Portuguese lawyer, politician, and the former President of the Republic. His brother is the teenage psychologist and writer Daniel Sampaio.


Sampaio was born in Lisbon on 18 September 1939. The Sampaio family lived abroad in the United States and England for some years, due to the professional activity of his father Arnaldo de Sampaio (1908-1984), a medical doctor. His mother was Fernanda Bensaude Branco (1908-Lisbon, 15 February 2000). His maternal grandmother Sara Bensliman Bensaude, who died in 1976, was a of Sephardi Jew from Morocco of Portuguese origin, and his maternal grandfather Fernando Branco (1880-1940) was a naval officer and later the Foreign Minister of Portugal; Sampaio himself is agnostic. He started his political career as college student of the Law School of the University of Lisbon. Jorge Sampaio was involved in the student contestation against the fascist regime and was leader of the Lisbon students union between 1960 and 1961. Following his graduation in 1961, Jorge Sampaio started a notable career as a lawyer, often involved in the defence of many political prisoners.

He married firstly a medical doctor named Karin Schmidt Dias, daughter of António Jorge Dias (Porto, 31 July 1907 - Lisbon, 5 February 1973) and wife Margot Schmidt. The couple had no issue and later divorced. He married secondly Maria José Rodrigues Ritta, born in Lisbon on 19 December 1941, daughter of José António Ritta and wife Maria José Rodrigues Xavier and sister of Maria Ermelinda and José António, by whom he had two children: Vera Ritta de Sampaio (b. 1977) and André Ritta de Sampaio (b. 1981).

After the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, Sampaio funded MES (Portuguese acronym for Social Left Movement) but abandoned the political project soon after. In 1978 he joined PS, the Socialist Party, where he remains to present day. His first election as a deputy for Lisbon in the Portuguese National Parliament is in 1979. Between this year and 1984, he was a member of the European Commission for Human Rights, where he developed important work on these topics. Between 1986 and 1987 he was president of the parliamentary bench of the Socialist Party. In 1989, he was elected president of this political group, an office he held until 1991. Also in 1989, Jorge Sampaio was elected the 62nd Mayor of Lisbon, charge he took in 1990, and re-elected in 1993, remaining in office until 1995.


In 1995, Jorge Sampaio announced his wish to run for the presidency of the Republic. He won the election of 14 January 1996 in the first round against Aníbal Cavaco Silva, the former prime-minister by then, and became president on 9 March. After a non-controversial first mandate, he was re-elected as President on 14 January 2001.

As President, Sampaio's actions were focused on social and cultural affairs. In the international political scene, he oversaw the return of Macau to China in December 1999 and he also gave important publicity to the cause of East Timor's independence.

It is generally considered that Sampaio's presidency were marked by a firm sense of prudence and moderation, an approach which earned him a remarkably uneventful first term in office. In 2004, however, his refusal to hold early elections following Social Democrat Prime Minister José Manuel Durão Barroso's resignation met with vigorous protest from all left-wing parties and even led to the stepping down of Socialist leader Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues. Sampaio made this decision to ensure political stability at a time when the country was facing economic recession, and he appointed Pedro Santana Lopes as Prime Minister. However, only four months afterwards, on 30 November, Sampaio concluded that the new cabinet was not achieving the desired stability, but quite the opposite, and he therefore dissolved the Parliament, calling new elections for February 2005.

On 24 February 2005, Sampaio called on José Sócrates, as the nation's next prime minister, to form a government.

Sampaio's successor was chosen in the Portuguese presidential election, 2006, that occurred on 22 January. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, the man he defeated in 1996, succeeded Sampaio on 9 March 2006.

Member of the Club of Madrid

He is also a Member of the Portuguese Council of State, as a former elected President of Portugal.

Post-presidential career

In May 2006, Sampaio was appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General as his first Special Envoy for the Global Plan to Stop Tuberculosis. In April 2007, current UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon designated him as High Representative for the Alliance of Civilizations.



See also

External links

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