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samia walkeri

List of Lepidoptera that feed on ashes

Ashes (Fraxinus spp.) are used as food plants by the larvae (caterpillars) of a number of Lepidoptera species, including the following. (Unless otherwise stated, records are from the Nearctic region.)

Adelidae

* Adela croesellaUK record

Apatelodidae

* Apatelodes torrefacta
* Olceclostera angelica
* Olceclostera seraphica – recorded on Fraxinus greggii and Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Arctiidae

* Scarlet Tiger Moth (Callimorpha dominula) – Finland record
* Banded (or Pale) Tussock Moth (Halysidota tessellaris) – recorded on Fraxinus americana and Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Confused Haploa Moth (Haploa confusa) – recorded on Fraxinus nigra
* Fall Webworm (Hyphantria cunea) – recorded on F. americana, Fraxinus excelsior, F. nigra, F. pennsylvanica and Fraxinus velutina
* Hickory Tussock Moth (Lophocampa caryae) – recorded on F. americana
* Spotted Tussock Moth (Lophocampa maculata) – recorded on F. nigra, F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Ruby Tiger (Phragmatobia fuliginosa)
* Dark-spotted Tiger Moth (Spilosoma canescens) – Australian record
* Pink-legged Tiger Moth (Spilosoma latipennis)
* Virginian Tiger Moth or Yellow Bear (Spilosoma virginica) – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica

Brahmaeidae

* Brahmaea wallichii – recorded on Fraxinus micrantha in India

Coleophoridae

* Coleophora badiipennellaPalaearctic record

Cossidae

* Cossus cossus – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in the Old World
* Prionoxystus macmurtrei
* Prionoxystus robiniae – recorded on Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Zeuzera pyrinaPalaearctic and Nearctic records

Crambidae

* Splendid Palpita Moth (Palpita magniferalis) – recorded on Fraxinus nigra

Geometridae

* Abraxas grossulariata – recorded on Fraxinus lanuginosa in Japan
* Fall Cankerworm (Alsophila pometaria) – recorded on Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus nigra and Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Anacamptodes ephyraria – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Anavitrinella pampinaria
* Lilac Beauty (Apeira syringaria) – UK record
* Carsia sororiata
* Red-green Carpet (Chloroclysta siterata) – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in Finland
* Cingilia catenaria
* Feathered Thorn (Colotois pennaria) – recorded on F. lanuginosa in Japan

* Engrailed (Ectropis crepuscularia) – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Ennomos autumnaria – Japanese record
* Dusky Thorn (Ennomos fuscantaria) – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe
* Ennomos magnaria – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Ennomos subsignaria – recorded on F. nigra and F. americana
* November Moth (Epirrita dilutata)
* Erannis tiliaria – recorded on F. americana
* Euchlaena effecta – recorded on F. americana
* Euchlaena johnsonaria – recorded on F. americana
* Euchlaena marginaria – recorded on F. americana
* Ash Pug (Eupithecia innotata f. fraxinata) – recorded in the UK
* Eupithecia innotata
* Eutrapela clemataria – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Hypagyrtis unipunctata – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Lambdina fervidaria

* Brindled Beauty (Lycia hirtaria) – recorded on Fraxinus mandschurica in Japan
* Lycia ursaria – recorded on F. americana
* Melanolophia canadaria – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Metanema determinata – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Nematocampa filamentaria – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Nemoria mimosaria – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Scalloped Hazel (Odontopera bidentata) – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe

* Winter Moth (Operophtera brumata) – recorded on F. americana, F. excelsior (in Europe) and F. pennsylvanica
* Spring Cankerworm (Paleacrita vernata) – recorded on F. nigra, F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Twin-spot Carpet (Perizoma didymata) – recorded on F. excelsior in Finland
* Philtraea latifoliae – recorded on Fraxinus latifolia
* Plagodis fervidaria
* Plagodis kuetzingi
* Probole alienaria
* Psyra bluethgeni – recorded on Fraxinus sieboldiana in Japan
* Lunar Thorn (Selenia lunularia) – recorded n F. excelsior in Europe
* Purple Thorn (Selenia tetralunaria) – recorded on F. excelsior in Finland
* Sicya macularia – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Tetracis cachexiata
* Barred Tooth-striped (Trichopteryx polycommata) – recorded in the UK
* Tissue (Triphosa dubitata) – recorded on F. excelsior in Finland
* Wilemania nitobei – recorded on Fraxinus longicuspis in Japan

Gracillariidae

* Caloptilia albicapitata – recorded on Fraxinus chinensis and Fraxinus mandschurica in Japan
* Caloptilia arsenievi – recorded on Fraxinus americana (in Japan), F. chinensis (in Japan), F. mandschurica (in Japan and the former USSR) and Fraxinus pennsylvanica (in Japan)
* Caloptilia cuculipennellaHolarctic
* Ash Leaf Cone Roller (Caloptilia fraxinella) – recorded on F. americana and Fraxinus nigra
* Caloptilia syringella – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior (Holarctic) and F. nigra
* Caloptilia ussuriella – recorded in the former USSR and on F. americana, F. chinensis, F. mandschurica and F. pennsylvanica (all in Japan)
* Marmara basidendroca – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Marmara corticola – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Marmara fraxinicola – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica

Lasiocampidae

* Malacosoma americana – recorded on Fraxinus americana
* Malacosoma californica
* Forest Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria) – recorded on F. americana, Fraxinus nigra and Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Phyllodesma americana – recorded on F. americana
* ''Phyllodesma carpinifolia
* Poecilocampa populi – recorded on F. excelsior in Finland
* Tolype velleda – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica

Limacodidae

* Hag moth (Phobetron pithecium)

Lycaenidae

* Coreana raphaelis – recorded on Fraxinus chinensis (in Japan and Russia), Fraxinus lanuginosa and Fraxinus mandschurica (both in Japan)
* Laeosopis roboris – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in Spain
* Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)
* Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorum) – recorded on Fraxinus americana and Fraxinus nigra
* Satyrium liparops
* Ussuriana michaelis – recorded on F. chinensis (in Russia) and F. lanuginosa (in China); also recorded in Korea and Japan
* Ussuriana stygiana – recorded on F. chinensis, F. lanuginosa, Fraxinus longicuspis, F. mandschurica, Fraxinus platypoda and Fraxinus sieboldiana (all) in Japan
* Ussuriana takarana – recorded on Fraxinus insularis in Taiwan

Lymantriidae

* Brown-tail (Euproctis chrysorrhoea) – recorded on Fraxinus americana
* Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar) – recorded on F. americana, Fraxinus nigra, Fraxinus profunda and Fraxinus quadrangulata; also recorded in the Palaearctic
* Black Arches (Lymantria monacha) – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in the Palaearctic
* Rusty Tussock Moth or Vapourer (Orgyia antiqua)
* White-marked Tussock Moth (Orgyia leucostigma) – recorded on F. americana and F. excelsior

Megalopygidae

* Southern Flannel Moth, Pussy Moth, Puss Caterpillar or Asp (Megalopyge opercularis) – recorded on Fraxinus berlandieriana

Nepticulidae

* Stigmella apicialbella

Noctuidae

* Abagrotis alcandola
* Abagrotis alternata
* Achatia distincta – recorded on Fraxinus americana
* Acronicta americana – recorded on Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Acronicta impleta
* Acronicta radcliffei
* Knot Grass (Acronicta rumicis) – Finnish record
* Fringe-tree Sallow Moth (Adita chionanthi) – recorded on F. americana, Fraxinus nigra and F. pennsylvanica
* Brick (Agrochola circellaris) – UK record
* Amphipyra glabella

* Copper Underwing (Amphipyra pyramidea)
* Amphipyra pyramidoides
* Centre-barred Sallow (Atethmia centrago) – recorded in the UK
* Clifden Nonpariel (Catocala fraxini) – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in Finland
* Catocala habilis – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Red Underwing (Catocala nupta) – Indian record
* Catocala piatrix
* Catocala ultronia – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Copivaleria grotei – recorded on F. americana
* Coronet (Craniophora ligustri) – recorded on F. excelsior in Finland; also recorded in the UK
* Crocigrapha normani – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Small Angle Shades (Euplexia lucipara) – Old World record
* Satellite (Eupsilia transversa) – recorded on F. excelsior in Finland
* Harrisimemna trisignata
* Homoncocnemis fortis – recorded on Fraxinus latifolia
* Lithophane antennata
* Lithophane bethunei – recorded on F. americana
* Lithophane georgii
* Lithophane laticinerea – recorded on F. americana
* Lithophane petulca – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Tawny Pinion (Lithophane semibrunnea) – recorded on F. excelsior in the UK
* Lithophane sociaGerman record
* Melanchra assimilis – recorded on F. americana
* Oncocnemis punctilinea
* Orthosia garmani
* Orthosia hibisci – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica
* Orthosia revicta – recorded on F. americana
* Palthis angulalis – recorded on F. americana
* Ash Tip Borer (Papaipema furcata) – recorded on F. americana, F. nigra and F. pennsylvanica
* Papaipema nebris
* Paracentropus cyrusIranian record
* Psaphida styracis
* Flame Brocade (Trigonophora flammea) – UK record

Nolidae

* Baileya dormitans

Notodontidae

* Datana contracta
* Datana integerrima
* Datana ministra – recorded on Fraxinus quadrangulata
* Heterocampa guttivitta – recorded on Fraxinus americana and Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Hyperaeschra georgica
* Rough Prominent (Nadata gibbosa) – recorded on F. americana
* Red-humped Caterpillar Moth (Schizura concinna) – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Schizura ipomoeae – recorded on F. americana

Nymphalidae

* Blackvein Sergeant (Athyma ranga) – recorded on Fraxinus retusa in Hong Kong
* Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly (Euphydryas phaeton) – recorded on Fraxinus americana
* Scarce Fritillary (Hypodryas maturna) – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in Finland and the former Yugoslavia
* Mourning Cloak or Camberwell Beauty (Nymphalis antiopa) – recorded on F. americana

Oecophoridae

* Antaeotricha leucillana – recorded on Fraxinus americana
* Gold-striped Leaftier Moth (Machimia tentoriferella) – recorded on F. americana and Fraxinus nigra

Papilionidae

* Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) – recorded on Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus caroliniana, Fraxinus pennsylvanica and Fraxinus nigra
* Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata) – recorded on Fraxinus anomala, Fraxinus latifolia, Fraxinus oregana, F. pennsylvanica and Fraxinus viridis
* Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus)

Psychidae

* Oiketicus kirbyi – recorded on Fraxinus uhdei in Costa Rica
* Snailcase Bagworm (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis) – recorded on Fraxinus americana

Pyralidae

* Acrobasis caryivorella – recorded on Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Euzophera nelliellaNorth African record
* Euzophera pinguis – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in the UK
* Neargyractis slossonalis
* Palpita magniferalis – recorded on Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus nigra and F. pennsylvanica
* Palpita nigropunctalis – recorded on Fraxinus mandschurica in Japan
* Phycita meliellaPalaearctic record

Saturniidae

* Adetomeris erythropsNeotropical record
* Polyphemus Moth (Antheraea polyphemus)
* Atlas Moth (Attacus atlas) – recorded on Fraxinus pennsylvanica in Hong Kong
* Attacus lorquiniiIndo-Australian records
* Io Moth (Automeris io) – recorded on Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus pubescens and Fraxinus sambucifolia
* Promethea Silkmoth (Callosamia promethea)
* Regal Moth (Citheronia regalis) – recorded on F. americana
* Epiphora antinorii – recorded on Fraxinus berlandieriana in Kenya
* Eupackardia calleta – recorded on Fraxinus velutina
* Cecropia Moth (Hyalophora cecropia) – recorded on F. americana and F. pennsylvanica

* Emperor Moth (Pavonia pavonia) – Palaearctic record
* Rothschildia aurota – Neotropical record
* Rothschildia cinctus
* Rothschildia jorulla
* Rothschildia lebeau – recorded on Fraxinus berlandieriana
* Rothschildia orizaba – recorded on F. americana
* Samia cynthia
* Samia walkeri
* Saturnia atlantica – recorded on Fraxinus berlandieriana in the Palaearctic
* Saturnia huttoni – Palaearctic record
* Great Peacock Moth (Saturnia pyri) – recorded Fraxinus excelsior in the Palaearctic

Sesiidae

* Paranthrene asilipennis
* Podosesia aureocincta
* Ash Borer (Podosesia syringae) – recorded on Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus caroliniana, Fraxinus excelsior, Fraxinus nigra and Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Sesia apiformis

Sphingidae

* Elm Sphinx (Ceratomia amyntor)
* Ceratomia sonorensis
* Waved Sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa) – recorded on Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus excelsior, Fraxinus nigra, Fraxinus pennsylvanica and Fraxinus platycarpa
* Manduca brontes – recorded on F. americana, F. excelsior and F. platycarpa
* Ash Sphinx (Manduca jasminearum)
* Rustic Sphinx (Manduca rustica)
* Paonias excaecata
* Twin-spotted Sphinx (Smerinthus jamaicensis) – recorded on F. americana
* Canadian Sphinx (Sphinx canadensis) – recorded on F. americana and F. nigra
* Great Ash Sphinx (Sphinx chersis) – recorded on F. americana, F. pennsylvanica and Fraxinus velutina; also recorded in Mexico
* Franck's Sphinx (Sphinx franckii) – recorded on F. americana
* Sphinx gordius
* Laurel Sphinx (Sphinx kalmiae) – recorded on F. americana, F. nigra and Fraxinus sambucifolia
* Incense Cedar Sphinx (Sphinx libocedrus) – recorded on Fraxinus greggii
* Privet Hawkmoth (Sphinx ligustri) – recorded of F. excelsior in Finland; also recorded in the UK
* Elegant Sphinx (Sphinx perelegans) – recorded on F. excelsior

Tineidae

* Crypsithyris longicornis – recorded on Fraxinus americana in India
* Tinea cherota – recorded on Fraxinus floribunda in India

Tortricidae

* Amorbia humerosana
* Aphelia alleniana
* Archips argyrospila
* Archips breviplicanus – recorded on Fraxinus lanuginosa in Japan
* Archips cerasivorana – recorded on Fraxinus pennsylvanica
* Archips crataegana – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in the UK
* Archips purpurana
* Archips rosana – recorded on F. excelsior in the UK
* Archips xylosteana – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe
* Choristoneura rosaceana – recorded on Fraxinus americana
* Clepsis persicana
* Cydia ingrata – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Doloploca praeviella – recorded on Fraxinus mandschurica in Japan
* Eulia ministrana – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe
* Hedya dimidioalba – "Holarctic" record
* Orthotaenia undulana – recorded on F. pennsylvanica
* Pammene suspectana – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe; also UK records
* Pandemis canadana – recorded on F. americana
* Pandemis cerasanaIndian record
* Pandemis corylana – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe; also Japanese record
* Pandemis lamprosana – recorded on F. americana and Fraxinus texensis
* Tufted Apple Bud Moth (Platynota idaeusalis) – recorded on Fraxinus nigra
* Pseudargyrotoza conwagana – recorded on F. excelsior in Europe; also UK record
* Poplar Leafroller (Pseudosciaphila duplex) – recorded on F. nigra and F. pennsylvanica
* Rhopalovalva pulchra – recorded on F. mandshurica in Japan
* Rhopobota naevana – recorded on F. mandshurica in Japan
* Sparganothis diluticostana – recorded on F. americana
* Sparganothis reticulatana – recorded on F. americana
* Sparganothis unifasciana

Yponomeutidae

* Prays curtisella – recorded on Fraxinus excelsior in the UK
* Ash Bud Moth (Prays fraxinella) – recorded on F. excelsior in the UK
* Prays ruficeps – recorded from the former Czechoslovakia
* Zelleria hepariella – recorded on F. excelsior in the UK

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