Salona, Latin Salonae, ancient city of Dalmatia, 3 mi (5 km) NE of modern Split, Croatia. A port on the Adriatic, it was used as a base for Roman conquest and was made a Roman colony and the capital of Illyricum in the 1st cent. B.C. The busy commercial city gained prestige when Diocletian, after retiring in A.D. 305, built a magnificent palace nearby. Salona became an episcopal see in the 4th cent., but in the 7th cent. the people fled before invaders to Diocletian's palace, which they transformed into the city of Spalato (now Split, Croatia). Salona was destroyed. Salona is also called Solin.

Salona was an ancient Illyrian Delmati city in the first millennium BC. After conquest by the Romans, Salona became the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia. When the Roman Emperor Diocletian retired, he erected a monumental palace nearby; this massive structure, known as Diocletian's Palace, became the core of the modern city of Split. In present times Salona (or Salon) is situated near today's town of Solin (near Split).

Salona was largely destroyed in the invasions of the Avars and Slavs around the year 639 AD.

See also

Salona tour


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