Saint Ann

Saint Ann

Saint Ann, city (1990 pop. 14,489), St. Louis co., E Mo., a NW suburb of St. Louis; inc. 1948. It is primarily residential, with a major shopping mall. Lambert-St. Louis International Airport is nearby.
Saint Ann
Location latitude 18°12'N,
longitude 77°28'W
Capital Town Saint Ann's Bay
Major towns Ocho Rios, Browns Town,
Runaway Bay, Claremont
County Middlesex
Area 1,189 square km
Rank Jamaica's second largest parish
Population 166,762 (2001 census)
Commerce Tourism, Agriculture
Bauxite Mining, Manufactoring
Saint Ann, (capital, Saint Ann's Bay) is the largest parish in Jamaica. It is situated on the north coast of the island, in the county of Middlesex, roughly halfway between the eastern and western ends of the island. It is often called 'the Garden Parish of Jamaica' on account of its natural beauty. Saint Ann is the birthplace of reggae singers Burning Spear and Bob Marley (d. 1981), and The Right Excellent Marcus Mosiah Garvey (d. 1940), one of Jamaica's seven National Heroes.

Brief history

St. Ann is one of the oldest populated areas in the island of Jamaica tracing back to 600 - 650 A.D. It is believed to be the earliest Taino/Arawak settlement in Jamaica. When Christopher Columbus first came to Jamaica in 1494, he landed on the shores of St. Ann. He returned to Jamaica on his fourth voyage and was eventually marooned for one year at St. Ann's Bay (June 1503 - June 1504), which he called Santa Gloria. The first Spanish settlement in Jamaica was also at Sevilla la Nueva, now called Seville, just to the west of St Ann's Bay. Established by Juan de Esquivel, the first Spanish Governor of Jamaica, St Ann's Bay became the third capital established by Spain in the Americas. The first sugar mills were established by the Spaniards in Sevilla la Nueva before 1526.

After 1655, when the English captured Jamaica, St Ann's Bay gradually developed as a fishing port with many warehouses and wharves. The parish of St. Ann was later named after Lady Anne Hyde the first wife of King James II of England. Ocho Ríos began to develop as a modern town and a favourite tourist destination in Jamaica. Its development commenced when Reynolds Jamaica Mines built a deep-water pier, west of the town to ship bauxite ore from the mines.

In the 1960s the St Ann Development Council began the systematic development of Ocho Ríos creating a modern town.

Geography

The parish is located at latitude 18°12'N, longitude 77°28'W. It is bordered on the south by Clarendon and St. Catherine, in the east by Saint Mary, and Trelawny in the west. As with all but one parish, its coast is washed by the Caribbean sea. St. Ann covers an area of 1,212.6 km, making it the largest parish, before Saint Elizabeth's 1,212.4 km². The population was an estimated 168,726 in 2001, with 11,066 living in the capital, St Anns Bay. Other important towns located in St. Ann are Discovery Bay, Brown's Town and Ocho Rios.

The highest elevation in the parish is in the Dry Harbour Mountains at 762 metres above sea level. Because of its limestone formation, the parish is noted for its 59 caves and numerous sinkholes. The Moneague Lake, which varies considerably in size, is one of the few large intermittent lakes in the island. The boundary between St Ann and St Mary is formed by the White River, which flows for 27.4 kilometres. Other rivers like the Dunns River appear intermittently, rising a few kilometres from the coast. The names of the main rivers are Negro, St Ann, Great, Roaring, Cave and Pedro.

Economy

Agriculture

The agricultural products are mainly bananas, pimento, sugar, coconuts, coffee, limes, corn, ginger, sweet potatoes, sensimilia yams, and annatto. The soil is also suitable for citrus and, sisal is cultivated in the drier areas. The parish is also noted for cattle rearing, horses and hog. Recently, however, agriculture has been on the decline as farmland is being used for housing and other developments and the cultivated area has decreased.

Tourism

The major economic activity in the parish is Tourism. Ocho Rios is one of the major tourist destination of Jamaica, given that Dunn's River Falls and many popular beaches, like Puerto Seco Beach, are located there. There is a cruise ship dock on the west shore of Ocho Rios Bay, and numerous hotels and resorts (including Sandals Jamaica) are located in and around the city.

Attractions

Natural

  • Dunn's River Falls
  • Green Grotto Caves
  • Ocho Rios Marine Park
  • Fern Gully
  • Shaw Park Gardens
  • Coyaba River Garden
  • Puerto Seco Beach
  • Chukka Cove Adventures
  • White River Rafting
  • Dolphin Cove

Historical

  • Seville Heritage Park
  • Bob Marley Mausoleum
  • Columbus Park
  • Marcus Garvey Statue, St. Ann's Bay

See also

References

External links

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