Sagar (Saugar), (Hindi: सागर, Urdu: ساگر), called the city of lakes, is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It is the administrative seat of Sagar District and Sagar Division. In a picturesque situation on a spur of the Vindhya Range and 1758 ft. above sea-level, Sagar is a handsomely built university town with great natural beauty and cultural heritage. Hindi is the official language of the city, while Bundelkhandi is the local dialect. Sagar is well known for its contribution to Hindi literature, and hosts a number of writers, poets and other artists leading in their respective fields.
The region is popular on India's tourism scene, due to its cultural heritage and diversity. Some very good places of interest in and around Sagar are Rahatgarh Waterfalls, Garhphra Mountains and Temples, and Khimlasa Forts.
Sagar is developing into an industrial area, with many new industries setting up in the city. Sagar has its own hospital and medical research centre, called Bhagyoday Tirth, as well as an army cantonment. Thus the city is known as the Heart of Madhya Pradesh.
Sagar has a very good transportation network, with the railway system (Indian Railways) and national highways (National Highways Authority of India) connecting it with major cities across India. The nearest airport is at Bhopal.
Sagar region is served by various media networks. Regional commercial television networks such as City Vision Networks (CVN), Doordarshan (DD) etc operate in and around the city. The region also receives local radio networks such as Gold 95.1 FM. Sagar is home to various daily newspapers such as Dainak Bhaskar, Dainak Jaagran. Pragati Shopping Mall and many commercial shops are located mainly in the Civil Lines area. Sagar has a small stadium, where different sporting events are organized. Cricket and football are popular sports.
Sagar owes its importance to having been made the capital of the Maratha governor Govind Pant Bundele who established himself here in 1735. By a treaty concluded with the Maratha Peshwa in 1818, at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the greater part of the present district was made over to the British. The town became the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, then attached to the North-Western Provinces. The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories later became part of the Central Provinces (afterwards Central Provinces and Berar) and Sagar District was added to Jabalpur Division. During the Revolt of 1857 the whole district was in the possession of the rebels, except the town and fort, in which the British were shut up for eight months, until relieved by Sir Hugh Rose. The rebels were totally defeated and British rule restored by March, 1858. In the early 20th century Sagar had a British cantonment, which contained a battery of artillery, a detachment of a European regiment, a native cavalry and a native infantry regiment. Upon India's independence in 1947, The former Central Provinces and Berar became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
The city has a very good school system, including Government Higher Secondary School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Arya Kanya Vidyalaya, Saraswati Shishu Mandir higher secondary school, Vatsalya Public School, Pearl Public School and the reputed Saint Joseph's Convent School Sagar. Sagar also has colleges such as Gyanveer College, where students can pursue their higher education. Chimes Aviation Academy is located in Dhana which is about 12 km from Sagar.