The paternal age effect
describes the influence that a father's age has on the chances of conferring a genetic defect
to his offspring. Generally, older men have a greater probability of fathering children with a genetic defect than younger men do. This is seen as likely due to genetic copying
errors which may increase in number after repeated spermatogenesis
cycles over a man's lifetime.
Disorders correlated with paternal age
(dwarfism); craniofacial disorders such as Apert syndrome
and Crouzon Syndrome
; mental retardation of unknown etiologies; autism
; bipolar disorder
; and 25% of schizophrenia
cases are correlated with advanced paternal age.
Other disorders related to advanced paternal age are:
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