Rutledge, Ann, 1813?-1835, American historical figure, alleged fiancée of Abraham Lincoln. Her father kept the inn at New Salem, Ill., where Lincoln lived from 1831 to 1837. Ann's sudden death from brain fever on Aug. 25, 1835, grieved Lincoln deeply, and from this one known fact William H. Herndon, Lincoln's biographer, wove the story of Lincoln's alleged love for her. Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, insisted that the story was false, and most historians have found Herndon's evidence unconvincing. Actually, Ann was engaged to Lincoln's friend John McNamar. In 1890, Ann's remains were removed from the old Concord cemetery near New Salem and reinterred in Oakland cemetery near Petersburg, Ill. There in 1921 was erected a monument bearing a passage from Edgar Lee Masters's poem about her in Spoon River Anthology.
Rutledge, Edward, 1749-1800, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Charleston, S.C.; brother of John Rutledge. He studied law at the Middle Temple, London, and was admitted (1772) to the English bar. He returned to America and was (1774-77) a member of the Continental Congress. He later held official posts at both the national and state level. He was captured (1780) by the British at the fall of Charleston. He was governor of South Carolina from 1798 to 1800.
Rutledge, John, 1739-1800, American jurist and political leader, 2d Chief Justice of the United States, b. Charleston, S.C.; brother of Edward Rutledge. After studying law in London he began practice in Charleston, S.C., in 1761. He rose to prominence when quite young, was a member (1762) of the provincial assembly, attorney general of South Carolina (1764-65), and a delegate (1765) to the Stamp Act Congress. He twice (1774-76, 1782-83) was a member of the Continental Congress and meanwhile held strong sway as president (1776-78) of his state and later (1779-82) as governor. As delegate (1787) to the Constitutional Convention, Rutledge played an important role in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution, and then (1788) was a member of the state ratifying convention. After serving (1789-91) as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court he was chief justice of South Carolina. In July, 1795, he was appointed interim Chief Justice of the United States and presided at the August term of the Supreme Court, but the Senate (Dec., 1795) refused to confirm the appointment because of his bitter attacks on Jay's Treaty.

See biography by R. H. Barry (1942, repr. 1971).

Rutledge is a town in Crenshaw County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the town is 476.


Rutledge is located at (31.733103, -86.309619).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.6 km²), all of it land.


Rutledge began as Barber's Crossroads. It was originally settled by Jared Phelps Barber. It was renamed Rutledge in 1867.


As of the census of 2000, there were 476 people, 201 households, and 127 families residing in the town. The population density was 143.4 people per square mile (55.4/km²). There were 264 housing units at an average density of 79.5/sq mi (30.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.01% White, 28.36% Black or African American, and 0.63% from two or more races.

There were 201 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $17,500, and the median income for a family was $22,500. Males had a median income of $25,179 versus $18,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,226. About 30.9% of families and 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.6% of those under age 18 and 26.5% of those age 65 or over.


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