In October 2004, the International Gallup Organization announced the results of its poll,, according to which approximately 20% of the residents of Western Europe viewed Russia positively, with the most positive view coming from Iceland, Greece, and Britain. The percentage of respondents expressing a positive attitude towards Russia was 9% in Finland, Turkey, and Japan, 38% in Lithuania, 36% in Latvia, and 34% in Estonia. Lithuania, Estonia and especially Latvia have a large number of ethnic Russian, which is likely to affect the result.
When Galicia and Bukovyna were incorporated into the Habsburg Empire in 1772 the Austrian government treated the Ukrainian population of these territories with suspicion as it was afraid it was susceptible to Russian influence due to the closeness of Ukrainian and Russian languages and cultures. This mistrust of the authorities was cultivated by influential Polish politicians and activists in an effort to forestall the growth of national consciousness on territories where Poles traditionally had influence. Any attempt at cultural revival was met with hostility from the Austrian government which regarded them as an influence from Moscow. In spite of this atmosphere of mistrust and suspicion the first educational establishment "The Fellowship of Priests" was founded in Przemyśl. Metropolitan M. Levytsky began to introduce the Ruthenian language in elementary schools, developed grammar books, insisted on instruction in University in Ruthenian and founded "Ruska Troyka" Society. The Lemko-Rusyn Republic, after World War I, attempted to join Lemko territories to Russia, and later to similar Russophile areas of the newly-formed Czechoslovakia.
Serbia declared war on Turkey in 1876, Serbian army helped by Russian volunteers suffered several crushing defeats from the Turks. In 1877 Russia declared war upon Turkey, act which started Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).
After Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Russia ordered full mobilization and entered the war just 3 days later. This act started World War 1.
During Yugoslav wars, Russia politicaly supported Milošević's regime, but did not help Serbia militarily. Number of Russian volunteers participated on the Serbian side during the wars, especialy in Kosovo war.
More recently, Russia has rejected the Kosovo declaration of independence and considers it illegal. Russia considers Kosovo as a province of Serbia.
The Serbian Radical Party accepts Russophilia as part of its political ideology.
Bone-crunching; Belarus.(Belarus's leader buries the Soviet past)(President Alexander Lukashenka plans to obliterate the memory of mass murders under Stalin)(Brief Article)
Nov 17, 2001; Belarus is as gloomy as ever THE present is bleak in Belarus, since the country's heavy-handed president, Alexander Lukashenka,...