Run batted in
is a statistic
used in baseball
to credit a batter when the outcome of his at-bat results in a run being scored, except in certain situations such as when an error is made on the play. The first team to track RBI was the Buffalo Bisons
Common nicknames for RBI include "Ribby", and "Rib". The term may be pluralized as either RBI or RBIs.
Major League Baseball Rules
The official rulebook of Major League Baseball
states in Rule 10.04:
The perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown
. In addition, Career RBIs are often cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame
. However, critics, particularly within the field of sabermetrics
, argue that RBIs do a better job of measuring the quality of the lineup than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base (the exception to this being a solo home run
, in which the batter is credited with driving himself in). This implies that better offensive teams -- and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base -- tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting team.
Totals are current through games of 9/5/07. Active players in bold
- Hank Aaron - 2,297
- Babe Ruth - 2,217
- Cap Anson - 2,076
- Barry Bonds - 1,996
- Lou Gehrig - 1,995
- Stan Musial - 1,951
- Ty Cobb - 1,937
- Jimmie Foxx - 1,922
- Eddie Murray - 1,917
- Willie Mays - 1,903
- Hack Wilson (1930) -191
- Lou Gehrig (1931) - 184
- Hank Greenberg (1937) - 183
- Jimmie Foxx (1938) - 175
- Lou Gehrig (1927) - 175
12 - Jim Bottomley
), Mark Whiten
11 - Wilbert Robinson
), Tony Lazzeri
), Phil Weintraub
10 - by 12 major league players, most recently Garret Anderson
( August 21
- Fernando Tatis (April 23, 1999) - 8
- Ed Cartwright (September 23, 1890) - 7
Major league baseball kept record of game-winning RBIs
in the years 1980-1988. The game-winning RBI was credited to the batter whose at-bat
was responsible for bringing his team ahead for the final time in the game. For example, if a batter on the winning team brought his team ahead 3-2 from a 2-2 tie at some point during the game, his team later led 5-2 as a result of other batters, and then the opposing team scored two more runs before the final score was 5-4, the batter on the winning team who batted in the third run would be credited with the game-winning RBI, even though the losing team scored four runs. The debate over whether the RBI should be credited to the "Run 3 batter" or the "Run 5 batter" in these situations led to the statistic being abolished.
Game-winning RBI records
- Keith Hernandez had 129 game-winning RBIs while these records were kept, more than any other player. Eddie Murray had the most in the American League.
- Hernandez also had the most in a single season (24 in 1985). Mike Greenwell had the most in the American League (23 in 1988).
- Wally Joyner, Jose Canseco, and Mark McGwire each had 14 in their rookie years, the most for a rookie.
- Kirk Gibson had the game-winning RBIs in five consecutive games in 1986