Rumford, Benjamin Thompson, Count, 1753-1814, American-British scientist and administrator, b. Woburn, Mass. In 1776 he went to England, where he served (1780-81) as undersecretary of the colonies, conducting significant experiments with gunpowder in his spare time. Later he entered the service of the elector of Bavaria as an administrator. He was knighted in 1784 and in 1791 was created count of the Holy Roman Empire. He chose his title from the name of the town Rumford (later Concord), N.H., where his wife was born. Returning to England (1795), he introduced improved methods of heating and cooking, and developed a more accurate theory of heat. In contrast to the prevalent belief that heat was a substance, he presented, in a paper (1798) to the Royal Society, the theory that heat was produced by the motion of particles. He founded the Royal Institution in England, established the Rumford medal of the Royal Society, and founded the Rumford professorship of chemistry at Harvard.

See biographies by E. Larsen (1953) and W. J. Sparrow (1964).

Rumford, Rhode Island, is a subdivision of the city of East Providence, Rhode Island that touches Naragansett Bay.

Roger Williams originally settled at (what is now) the cross of Roger Williams and Wilson Avenues. The settlement was told by the governor of Plymouth that the area was still under the authority of Plymouth Colony. Thus, Roger Williams crossed the Providence River and settled what is now Providence.

Rumford has previously been part of three towns and two states; Rehoboth, Massachusetts, Seekonk, Massachusetts, and East Providence, Rhode Island.

Rumford Baking powder was made in the town, but is actually named after Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford.

Wannamoisett Country Club is located here. This country club and golf course was designed by Donald Ross, is spread out over on Hoyt Road, and hosts the Northeast Amateur Invitational Golf Tournament each year.
Agawam Hunt is also located here, it is much older.


Rumford zipcode is 02916 and the area code is 401. Meridith Veira, who hosted the popular show "Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?" grew up in Rumford. Sunshine Creamery is located in Rumford and is the one and only ice cream shop. It is owned by Marty Leyden.


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