Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971, American composer, b. Marion, Mass. Ruggles studied music at Harvard and was a friend of Charles Ives. His works are highly original, characterized by complex textures and jagged outlines. He wrote relatively little and later disavowed the music he had written before 1918. His best-known pieces include Men and Mountains (1924) and Sun-Treader (1932), for orchestra; Angels, for muted brass (1921); and Evocations (1934-43), for piano.
Ruggles, Samuel Bulkley, 1800-1881, American public figure, b. New Milford, Conn. He was a successful lawyer in New York City, but between 1831 and 1851 gave up his practice to devote himself to public affairs. He enthusiastically promoted real-estate development in the city and was mainly responsible for the laying out of Gramercy Park, for which he gave the land, and Union Square. Ruggles promoted the new Croton water system for the city and other improvements and served as a state assemblyman. He helped to organize the Erie RR and the Union Pacific RR. As a trustee (1836-81) of Columbia College he was to a large extent responsible for the beginning of its development into a great university. Interested in international affairs, he was a delegate to the International Monetary Conference in 1867.