Rubus spectabilis (Salmonberry) is a species of Rubus native to the west coast of North America from southern Alaska to California.
It is a shrub growing to 1–4 m tall, with perennial, not biennial woody stems (unlike other species). The leaves are trifoliate, 7–22 cm long, the terminal leaflet larger than the two side leaflets. The leaf margins are toothed. The flowers are 2–3 cm diameter, with five purple petals; they are produced from early spring to early summer. The fruit matures in late summer to early autumn, and resembles a large yellow to orange-red raspberry 1.5-2 cm long with many drupelets.
In Washington State the berries can ripen from mid-June to late-July.
Salmonberries are found in moist forests and stream margins, especially in the coastal forests. They often form large thickets, and thrive in the open spaces under stands of Red Alder (Alnus rubra).
In Kodiak, Alaska, orange salmonberries are often referred to as "Russian berries".
They are important food for Native Americans. It is one of the numerous berries gathered to incorporate into pemmican. It is said that the name came about because of the First Nations fondness for eating the berries with half-dried salmon roe.
Influence of precommercial thinning on understory vegetation of young-growth Sitka spruce forests in southeastern Alaska.(Report)
Apr 01, 2010; Introduction Southeastern Alaska is a temperate rain forest archipelago along the north Pacific coast of North America. Forest...