Rouge

Rouge

[roozh]
Rouge, river, c.30 mi (50 km) long, rising in S Michigan and winding S and SE to the Detroit River at the city of River Rouge. Dearborn and part of Detroit also lie on the river, which carries much of the raw material used by Detroit's industries.
rouge: see cosmetics.

Khmer Rouge(French; “Red Khmer”)

Radical communist movement that ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. The Khmer Rouge, under the leadership of Pol Pot, opposed the government of the popular Norodom Sihanouk. They gained support after Sihanouk was toppled by Lon Nol (1970) and after U.S. forces bombed the countryside in the early 1970s. In 1975 the Khmer Rouge ousted Lon Nol. Their extraordinarily brutal regime led to the deaths (from starvation, hardship, and execution) of one to two million people. Overthrown in 1979 by the Vietnamese, they retreated to remote areas and continued their struggle for power in Cambodia. The last Khmer Rouge guerrillas surrendered in 1998.

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City (pop., 2000: 227,818), capital of Louisiana, U.S. Located on the Mississippi River, it is the state's second-largest city. Settled by the French in 1719, it was named for a red cypress pole that marked a boundary between Indian tribes. The area was ceded to Britain in 1763, then taken by the Spanish in the American Revolution. Spain ceded Louisiana to France in 1800 but tried to retain Baton Rouge at the time of the Louisiana Purchase (1803). In 1810 the city was annexed to the U.S., and it became the state capital in 1849. The capital was transferred to other towns when Baton Rouge was occupied by Federal troops during the American Civil War; in 1882 it regained its capital status. It has deepwater port facilities and is an important petroleum refining centre.

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Cap-Rouge (Meaning: Red Cape) is located in central Quebec, Canada on the Saint Lawrence River within Quebec City. Originally a town on its own, Cap-Rouge was incorporated within Québec City on January 1, 2002 and is now part of the Borough of Laurentien. Population (2002): 14,163.

History

Jacques Cartier attempted to create the first permanent European settlement in North America at the location of present-day Cap-Rouge in 1541. Named Charlesbourg-Royal, the settlement of 400 people barely survived its first winter due to harsh weather and attacks from neighbouring Iroquoians of Stadacona and other villages and was abandoned in June 1542. In August 2006, Quebec Premier Jean Charest and Canadian archaeologists under Yves Chretien announced the discovery of this long-lost settlement. Yves Chretien identified its location from fragments of a decorated c.1540-1550 Italian style ceramic plate and six wood timber samples which were dated to the mid-16th century by a United States laboratory.

Re-occupied with the French colonisation effort of the 1600s, the area was used for agricultural activities until the 1960s when residential developments took over and transformed the area into a residential suburb of Québec City.

Attractions

Apart from a long history, the main attraction of Cap-Rouge is a rail-only trestle steel bridge named "Tracel" built in 1907-1908. Gustave Eiffel, from whom the Eiffel Tower takes its name, participated in the project. Constructed by the CN as part of the Winnipeg-Moncton trunk, the steel bridge spans 3 335 feet at an average of 172 feet above ground and is still in use today.

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