Definitions

Roose

Roose

[rooz; Scot. also rœz]

Roosecote or Roose is a suburb of Barrow-in-Furness in Cumbria.

the word roose is Celtic for “moor” or “heath”. . The suffix 'cote' of Roosecote means hut or huts, the word 'cottage' is derived from cote.

Roosecote and Roose were originally two separate entities. Roose has been in existence since at last A.D. 945, and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. Roosecote was founded by Michael le Fleming (of Aldingham) some time between 1107 and 1152

By 1157 both Roose and Roosecote were granges belonging to Furness Abbey. In 1537 with the Dissolution they returned to the Crown along with the rest of the lands of Furness Abbey. Roose is mainly used to refer to the 19th century settlement of Roose Cottages, which consists of two main streets of terraced housing - North and South Row. These were built when the area was developing as an important mining centre, with newly opened mines in Stank and Yarlside. Many were originally inhabited by Cornish tin miners that were recruited to the area. The Cottages were built by the owners of the mines, The Haematite Mining Company, between 1876 and 1878.

A modern expansion of Roosecote is the Holbeck or Yarlside estate which has some early twentieth century housing but has mainly been developed and expanded from the 1960s onwards built on land of the Holker estate.

There is a dairy works in Roose and historically there were several farms in the area, Roosecote farm is still active, and Roose Farm is now a private dwelling, and another, which is now part of Holbeck, was converted into the Crofters pub in the 1980s. Roosecote also includes Old Roose close to the Roose railway station with a small number of houses around The Ship Inn pub.

Roose railway station (an umanned stop), which serves the settlement, is located on the Furness Line, giving connections to Barrow, Millom, Ulverston, Grange-over-Sands and Lancaster.

The area has a post office, Anglican-Methodist shared church, two shops, two pubs and two primary schools - Roose and Yarlside. Roose hospital closed in the 1980s contained in its last years geriatric and gynaecological wards. Further housing developments have taken place on the former site of the hospital.

Roosecote power station has been converted from coal to now generate electricity from gas. Gas from the Morecambe Bay and Irish Sea gasfields comes on shore at a terminal for British Gas located between Roose and Rampside.

Prior to the building of Roose Cottages and the arrival of the cornish miners Roose was pronounced with a hard S, as in Goose. now it is locally pronounced 'Rooze', due to the cornish accent.

A Roose is also known as a reindeer mixed with a moose. The name was created in an area in North America.

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