[roo-fer, roof-er]
A roofer specializes in roof construction, concentrating on the application of materials that water proof and / or weather proof buildings, homes (residential construction), wineries, planter boxes, etc. Usually ply wood or solid boards are installed over the structure. Depending on the structure, it may be required to use other materials--such as steel panels, lightweight concrete, or specially designed material--as a substrate for the roofing materials to be installed on. The rafters, beams, and trusses are the frame or skeleton for the roof to be built upon. Naturally, a roofer must not be scared of heights and have good balance as well as carpentry skills. In Australia this type of carpenter is called a roof carpenter and in that country a roofer is someone who puts on the roof cladding (tiles, tin, etc.). In the USA a well trained roofer is called a journeyman. In California, if a journeyman wishes and has three consecutive years working in the field, he is eligible to pass a state test for a contractors license- state license.

Roofers work in teams since the work is intensive and dangerous. One particular danger is wind, since it can go up the side of the house or building and across the work surface where it lifts or moves anything it can. Another danger is walking on a steeply pitched roof. A rooftop has obstacles, including sometimes electrical equipment, that a roofer must be wary of. One may step right into or on top of something regrettable if one is not alert at all times. Roofing is a core of 3D's jobs.

The state of California has a particular licensing process for roofers. To get a state license and become a licensed roofing contractor in California, one needs to obtain a C-39 license before contracting any roofing jobs over the amount of $601.00. If the work is performed without a license, the homeowner may be stuck with unsatisfactory results and have no way to get assistance to correct the problems. If a licensed roofing contractor has problems that relate to unfinished work or the work is faulty in any way, the homeowner or property owner can at least file a claim against the roofing contractors' performance bond for the cost of repairs, damages or unfinished work that must be still be completed. Obtaining a bond is a prerequisite before any license will be issued and it must be in good standing and renewed every 2-years or the contractors' license could be revoked.

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