The words Romanism and Romanist are used in three different contexts.

Roman Catholicism

Romanism was a word used as a derogatory term for Roman Catholicism in the past when anti-Catholicism was more common in the United States and the United Kingdom. It is still used, though rarely, by anti-Catholics.

See also


In the academic fields of classical studies and ancient history, a Romanist can also be a scholar of Ancient Rome.

Flemish school of painters

Romanism was also the name of a Flemish school of painters from the beginning of the 16th century, the greatest of which was Jan Gossaert. They were among the first Flemish painters to be influenced by the Italian Renaissance. The Guild of Romanists was a mostly 17th century society of Antwerp painters and humanists who had visited Rome.

See also : Northern Renaissance.

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