Definitions

Rolland

Rolland

[raw-lahn]
Rolland, Romain, 1866-1944, French novelist, biographer, playwright, and musicologist. After studying in Paris he spent two crucial years in Rome, where he was influenced by German intellectuals. He wrote biographies of Beethoven (1903, tr. 1909), Michelangelo (1905, tr. 1915), Tolstoy (1911, tr. 1911), and Mahatma Gandhi (1924, tr. 1924). His 10-volume novel Jean-Christophe (1904-12, tr. 1910-13), established his reputation in the literary world. An example of the roman-fleuve, or continuous series of novels, it is a fictional biography of a German-born musician and a study of contemporary French and German civilization. Rolland was awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize in Literature. His genuine pacifistic philosophy and the courage of his convictions, reflected in Above the Battle (1915, tr. 1916), led to self-imposed exile in Switzerland, where he remained until 1938. Among his other works are the play The Wolves (1898, tr. 1937), inspired by the Dreyfus Affair; the seven-volume novel The Soul Enchanted (1922-33, tr. 1925-34); and a biography (1945) of Péguy. Journey Within (2d ed. 1959, tr. 1947) and Mémoires (1956) are autobiographical.

See biography by W. T. Starr (1972); study by H. March (1973).

(born Jan. 29, 1866, Clamecy, France—died Dec. 30, 1944, Vézelay) French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. At age 14 he went to Paris to study and found a society in spiritual disarray, and his life and writings came to reflect his concern with major social, political, and spiritual events. From 1910 he taught music history at the Sorbonne. His best-known novel is Jean-Christophe (1904–12), a 10-volume epic whose protagonist is modeled half on Ludwig van Beethoven and half on himself. His pamphlet Above the Battle (1915) calls on France and Germany to respect truth and humanity during World War I. In the 1920s he turned to interpreting the mystical philosophy of Asia, especially India, in works such as Mahatma Gandhi (1924). He wrote several other major biographies, including Beethoven (1910). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.

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(born Jan. 29, 1866, Clamecy, France—died Dec. 30, 1944, Vézelay) French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. At age 14 he went to Paris to study and found a society in spiritual disarray, and his life and writings came to reflect his concern with major social, political, and spiritual events. From 1910 he taught music history at the Sorbonne. His best-known novel is Jean-Christophe (1904–12), a 10-volume epic whose protagonist is modeled half on Ludwig van Beethoven and half on himself. His pamphlet Above the Battle (1915) calls on France and Germany to respect truth and humanity during World War I. In the 1920s he turned to interpreting the mystical philosophy of Asia, especially India, in works such as Mahatma Gandhi (1924). He wrote several other major biographies, including Beethoven (1910). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.

Learn more about Rolland, Romain with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Solange Chaput-Rolland, OQ (May 14, 1919November 1, 2001) was a Canadian journalist, author, lecturer, politician, and Senator.

Born in Montreal, the daughter of Émile Chaput and Rosalie Loranger, she received her education from the Couvent d'Outremont, the Sorbonne and the Institut Catholique de Paris.

During the 1950's she worked as a journalist for the CBC with a young Jeanne Sauvé with whom she remained friends until Sauvé's death.

In 1979, she was elected to the National Assembly of Quebec in a by-election in the riding of Prevost. She was defeated in 1981.

She was appointed to the Senate in 1988 representing the senatorial division of Mille Isles, Quebec. She sat as a Progressive Conservative and retired in 1994.

In 1975, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 1985, she was made an Officer of the National Order of Quebec.

In 1941, she married André Rolland.

Selected works

  • Chers ennemis (1963)
  • Mon pays, Québec ou le Canada? (1966)
  • Regards 1967: Québec Année Zéro (1968)
  • Regards 1968: Une ou deux sociétés justes (1969)
  • Regards 1969: La seconde conquête (1970)
  • Regards 1970-1971: Les heures sauvages (1972)
  • De l'unité à la réalité (1981)
  • Le Mystère Québec (1984)
  • Et tournons la page... (1989)
  • Le Tourment et l'apaisement (1990)
  • Léon Dion, hier et demain (1991)
  • Chère sénateur (1992)
  • Les Élus et les Déçus (1996)

External links

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