The city of Roermond is a historically important town, on the east bank of the river Maas (Meuse). It received city rights in 1231. Due to its impressive architecture and charming skyline, Roermond town centre has been designated as a conservation area.
Through the centuries the town has filled the role of commercial centre, principal town in the duchy of Guelders and since 1559 it has served as the seat of the bishop. In addition to important churches, the town centre boasts many listed buildings and monuments. The skyline of the historic town is dominated by the towers of two churches: St. Christopher Cathedral and Munster Church.
"Villa Optima" was the Roman name for the municipality and city of Roermond. When Julius Caesar reached the location of Roermond he found the location so ideal that he called it "Villa Optima", which translates into "ideal location".
Buiten Op is the name the inhabitants of Roermond gave to the original Roman settlement after the defensive walls were constructed.
Around 1350, Roermond became the capital of the "Overkwartier van Gelre" (Overquarter of Gelre). In 1388 a siege by the French occurred. Battle of the pre-city fortifications Buiten Op and destruction of the pre-city fortifications Buiten Op and the old parish church by the French.
On 23 April 1568 the Battle of Rheindalen occurred near Roermond, which signaled the start of the "Tachtigjarige Oorlog" (Eighty Years' War). In 1632 the Dutch Stadhouder conquered Venlo, Roermond and Maastricht during his famous "March along the Meuse". Attempts in the next years to annexe Antwerp and Brussels failed, however. The Dutch were disappointed by the lack of support they received from the local population in Limburg who were fighting on the Spanish side. It was clear that, by this time, a new generation had grown up in Flanders and the Brabant and the areas now forming Limburg, that had thoroughly reconverted to Roman Catholicism and now distrusted the Calvinist Dutch even more than they loathed the Spanish occupiers.
Between 1632-1637, Roermond was part of the Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden - Republic of the 7 United Netherlands, and later in 1702-1716 is part of the Republic again. Between 1716-1794, it is part of the Habsburg empire.
On 11 December 1792, the French under General De Miranda conquer Roermond, but by 5 March 1793, is under Habsburg control again. The city is again occupied by the French on 5 April 1794 and officially becomes part of France from 1795 to 1814. In 1814, Roermond is liberated by the Russians. After the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 Roermond becomes Dutch. In 1814, with the formation of the new Kingdom of the Netherlands, one of the new provinces was to receive the name Maastricht, after its capital. King William, who did not want the name Limburg to be lost, insisted that the name be changed to Limburg. As such, the name of the new province derived from the old duchy of Limburg that had existed until 1648 within the triangle Maastricht - Liège - Aachen.
When the Netherlands and Belgium separated in 1830, there was support for adding Limburg to Belgium, but in the end (1839) the province was divided in two, with the eastern part going to the Netherlands and the western part to Belgium. From that time, Dutch Limburg was, as the Duchy Limburg, also part of the German Confederation.
On 1 May1988 the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) killed three British Airmen and injured three others in a double attack. At the market in Roermond, near the border between Germany and the Netherlands, IRA Terrorists opened fire on a vehicle in which three men from the Royal Air Force Regiment based at RAF Wildenrath were sleeping. SAC Ian Shinner was killed and his two companions were wounded. Half an hour later, the second attack killed two British Airmen and injured another, who had spent a few hours in a Dutch disco, around fifty kilometers from the border shared with Germany.
In a separate attack two years later two Australian nationals were killed. The two men were lawyers on holiday while the IRA claimed they were working for the British Army. It is believed that the killings led to a drop in support for the IRA in Australia and led to Prime Minister John Howard refusing to meet Gerry Adams from Sinn Fein on a visit there in 2000.
British national. Murdered after a night out, while sleeping in his car with two friends, Market Square, Roermond, Netherlands. Off duty RAF Regiment member.
It was not uncommon for British soldiers based in this area to be attacked:
After the 1993 and 1995 floods the damage is so high and the people of Limburg make so many claims that the Dutch government decides to finally execute De Maaswerken, a series of water management works that should prevent this disasters from happening again. The plans for these works were in preparation since 1980 but never executed which angered people living on the banks of the river.
As a direct result of these floods the national government and the province of Limburg in collaboration initiated the co-ordinating project "De Maaswerken". This integrated project aims on the one hand to reduce the chance of flooding, and on the other hand to develop natural areas and stimulate economic development by furthering water transport. To this end, the Maas will be deepened and broadened over a length of 200 km. The extracted gravel will be exploited to co-finance the project. Additional measures include the (re-) construction of embankments, sluices and so-called "clay shields" that will drive up groundwater on the riverbanks.
The moest important governmental institutions related to the Maaswerken are the project organisation "De Maaswerken", the province of Limburg and the national Ministries of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries (LNV), and Transport and Public Works (V&W). Especially the organisation Rijkswaterstaat, the organ of the Ministry of V&W that is responsible for the execution of public works related to water, plays an important role. The organisation "De Maaswerken" was set up in 1997 taking its employees partly from Rijkswaterstaat, the Province of Limburg, the Ministry of LNV and many other local, provincial and national governmental organisations. The final responsibility for the project lies with the minister of V&W.
In everyday life in Limburg around 1900 the Dutch language was of no importance. Everything was done in Limburgs. Newspapers in the 19th and 20th century were written in German or Limburgs and in most parts of Limburg German was the language used in church and education. In this time Maastricht still had a very strong connection with French-speaking areas around Liege. Van Beurden's poem was used on purpose to force the people of Limburg into speaking Dutch. Proof of this is the very un-Limburg part in the anthem, the reference to the Dutch Royal family, who were (and still are) very unpopular in Limburg. In 1900 the people in Limburg had to swear their allegiance to the Dutch royal family of the House of Orange-Nassau in a "aanhankelijkheidsverklaring aan het Oranjehuis" and had to start using Dutch instead of Limburgs.
Het Orgel in De Doopsgezinde Kerk in Almelo/ smitsorgel in De Sint-Petruskerk Boxtel in Volle Glorie Hersteld/ het Orgel in De Wilhelminakerk Te Dordrecht: Een Drieluik/ orgel En Organisten Van Loosduinen: Twee Eeuwen Kerk En Muziek in Een Tuindersdorp/ het Hinsz-Orgel in De Catharinakerk Te Roden/ het Orgel in De Caroluskapel Te Roermond
Sep 01, 2007; HET ORGEL IN DE DOOPSGEZINDE KERK IN ALMELO, Albert Jansen and Wim Diepenhorst. Almelo: Doopsgezinde Gemeente, 2006. 64 pp., ill....
The province of Limburg has awarded a 10-year, 1.2 billion [euro] contract to Veolia to run commuter trains on the Maastricht-Kerkrade, and Roermond-Nijmegen routes.(Netherlands)
Jul 01, 2006; The province of Limburg has awarded a 10-year, 1.2 billion [euro] contract to Veolia to run commuter trains on the...