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Rockwell, Norman

Rockwell, Norman

Rockwell, Norman, 1894-1978, American illustrator, b. New York City. An enormously popular illustrator, Rockwell specialized in warm and humorous scenes of everyday small-town life. Best known for his magazine covers, notably for the Saturday Evening Post, he developed a style of finely drawn realism with a wealth of anecdotal detail. Rockwell's poster series on the Four Freedoms was widely circulated during World War II. The artist lived the last 25 years of his life in Stockbridge, Mass., where a large museum devoted to his work opened in 1993.

See his autobiography (1960); biographical study by T. S. Buechner (1970); biography by L. Claridge (2001).

(born Feb. 3, 1894, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Nov. 8, 1978, Stockbridge, Mass.) U.S. illustrator. He studied at the Art Students League and received his first freelance assignment at 17. From 1916 to 1963 he produced 317 covers for The Saturday Evening Post. Most of his works are humorous treatments of idealized small-town and family life. During World War II, posters of his Four Freedoms were distributed by the Office of War Information. Though loved by the public, Rockwell's work was often dismissed by critics. Late in his career, he turned to more serious subjects (e.g., a series on racism for Look magazine) and began to receive more serious attention, and in the 1990s his critical reputation enjoyed a positive reassessment.

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Rockwell can refer to:



  • Rockwell International, a former defense company in the United States, portions of which are now owned by ArvinMeritor, Boeing Integrated Defense Systems, and Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne
    • Rockwell Automation, an industrial automation company that descended from Rockwell International
    • Rockwell Collins, a communications and aviation electronics company that also descended from Rockwell International
    • Rockwell Semiconductor, a semiconductor company that also descended from Rockwell International, now known as Conexant


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