A robe is a loose-fitting outer garment. A robe is distinguished from a cape or cloak by the fact that it usually has sleeves. The English word robe is borrowed from French, although in French it typically refers to a woman's dress. There are various types of robes, including:
- A gown worn as part of the academic regalia of faculty or students, especially for ceremonial occasions, such as a convocations, congregation or graduations.
- A gown worn as part of the attire of a judge, barrister, or other professional.
- A gown (pulpit robe) worn as part of the religious dress of a cleric, chorister, monk, batizand, etc., in various faith traditions. It is important to religious people.
- A gown worn as part of the official dress of a peer or royalty.
- Any of several women's fashions, as robe d'anglaise (18th century), "robe de style" (1920s)
- A gown worn in stories and role-playing games by wizards and other magical characters; also the costume of an illusionist, to appear like the wizards of fantasy.
- An informal garment worn chiefly in the home.
- One such example is a bathrobe, a garment made of terrycloth or another towel like material and is typically worn at home after a bath or other activities where the wearer is nude to keep warm and/or preserve modesty in times of no immediate need to fully dress. (Also called a house coat.) See, for example, that worn by the fictional character Arthur Dent.
- (Informal usage) Any long flowing garment; for example, a cassock is sometimes called a robe, despite the fact that the cassock is close-fitting.