The Order of the Phoenix is a fictional organisation in the Harry Potter series of books written by J. K. Rowling. Founded by Albus Dumbledore to fight Lord Voldemort and his followers, the Death Eaters, the Order lends its name to the fifth book of the series, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.
However, towards the end of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Dumbledore called for its reconstitution due to Voldemort's return. Many of the original members returned; they were soon joined by new recruits who effectively replaced those who had died in service during the first war. The Order established their headquarters at Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place, Sirius Black's family home, during the interval between the fourth and fifth books in the series. Dumbledore was the Secret-Keeper for the Order, meaning that only he could reveal the location of the Order’s headquarters at Grimmauld Place to others. Dumbledore's death at the hands of Severus Snape in book six made the location vulnerable and it was abandoned in favour of The Burrow.
The Order led the fight against Voldemort during the fifth instalment as the Ministry of Magic first refused to accept that the Dark Lord had returned. In the fifth book, some Order members took turns guarding Sybill Trelawney's prophecy, referring to Voldemort's downfall and Harry's role in defeating him. Rubeus Hagrid, the Hogwarts Grounds Keeper and an original Member of the Order, was accompanied by Olympe Maxime in an attempt to recruit the giants to the Order's cause. Some members also participated in a battle at the Department of Mysteries near the end of the fifth book. Order members also patrolled Hogwarts, the fictional Wizarding school, on the night of Dumbledore's death in Half-Blood Prince, fighting the Death Eaters who managed to enter the castle.
In the series finale, attention turned to escorting the Death Eaters' main target, Harry Potter, from the Dursleys' home to the Burrow. Later in the novel, some Order members hosted "Potterwatch", a secretive radio program providing news on the Wizarding World that Voldemort's regime did not want the people to know. During the climax of the book, most of the Order, aided by Dumbledore's Army, the Hogwarts staff and the elder students, fought against the Death Eaters in the Battle of Hogwarts, in which several Order members and other allies were killed. As the Order was created primarily to combat Voldemort and his Death Eaters, it is unknown if the Order stayed together after Voldemort's death at the end of the story, or whether it disbanded as it had after Voldemort's first fall.
Dumbledore, however, was vindicated when Voldemort was finally seen in the Ministry of Magic itself. Fudge was replaced as Minister for Magic by Rufus Scrimgeour, former head of the Auror Department, three days before the beginning of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
|Character||Accomplishments and Operations|
|Sirius Black||Escaped from Azkaban and proceeded to serve in the revived Order. Helped defeat two Death Eaters in battle. Killed by his infamous cousin Bellatrix Lestrange, in a battle within the Department of Mysteries.|
|Edgar Bones||Murdered along with his wife and children by Death Eaters during the first Wizarding War. Edgar Bones was the brother of the Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement Amelia Bones. His niece, Susan Bones, is a Hufflepuff student in Harry Potter's year.|
|Caradoc Dearborn||Went missing during the First Wizarding War, presumably killed by Death Eaters.|
|Dedalus Diggle||Met Harry Potter several times before it was revealed that he was a member of the Order of the Phoenix. Diggle was part of the Advance Guard who helped Harry escape from the Dursleys' house in the fifth book. In the final installment of the series, he helped take the Dursleys to a protected area. The Death Eaters later burned his house in a raid. Diggle was unharmed.|
|Elphias Doge||Dumbledore's schoolmate. He wrote an obituary of Dumbledore for The Daily Prophet and openly defended Dumbledore's integrity during the final instalment of the series.|
|Aberforth Dumbledore||Bartender of the The Hog's Head in Hogsmeade village and member of the revived Order. Able to obtain useful information for the Order due to his post. Assisted Harry in avoiding Death Eaters and entering Hogwarts in Deathly Hallows. He also helped defend the school during the Battle of Hogwarts, defeating Augustus Rookwood. He also sent Dobby to rescue Harry and other prisoners from the cellar of Malfoy Manor.|
|Albus Dumbledore||Founder of the original Order and revived it following Voldemort's return to power.|
|Benjy Fenwick||Blasted to pieces by Death Eaters. Only "bits of him" were recovered.|
|Arabella Figg||An elderly female Squib, who was enlisted by Dumbledore to watch over Harry during his childhood from her home in his neighbourhood. She later told Harry that she regretted treating him poorly when he visited her, but that she had to keep the Dursleys from suspecting anything. Served in the revived Order.|
|Mundungus Fletcher||Thief and con man who Dumbledore once helped "out of a tight spot" and in return kept Dumbledore notified of things he would hear from the criminal element of the Wizarding World. He was a reluctant member of the group sent to retrieve Harry in Deathly Hallows and panicked when Voldemort pursued him, dis-apparating to an unknown location and leaving Alastor Moody to be killed by Voldemort.|
|Rubeus Hagrid||Care of Magical Creatures Teacher at Hogwarts as well as Keeper of Keys and Grounds. Served in the revived Order. During the escape from the Dursleys, the real Harry and Hagrid were both nearly killed in the crash of the flying motorcycle.|
|Frank and Alice Longbottom||Tortured to insanity by a group of Death Eaters led by Bellatrix Lestrange after Voldemort was first defeated. They are revealed to be under treatment in the wizarding hospital, St Mungo's, in the fifth book.|
|Remus Lupin||A member of the first order, also served in the revived Order as an integral part of the Advance Guard sent to safeguard Harry Potter, as he was someone whom Harry would recognize and instantly trust. Later went underground to infiltrate the Werewolf community, to see whose side they would take in the war. Killed by Antonin Dolohov in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Minerva McGonagall||Deputy Headmistress, Transfiguration professor, and Head of Gryffindor House at Hogwarts. Also served in the revived Order. Extremely supportive of Dumbledore and his ideals. Led the defence of the castle during the Battle of Hogwarts, and near the end, fought Voldemort along with Kingsley Shacklebolt and Horace Slughorn.|
|Marlene McKinnon||Killed by Death Eaters (among them Travers, according to Igor Karkaroff) together with her whole family.|
|Dorcas Meadowes||The only known member of the Order apart from James and Lily Potter who was personally killed by Lord Voldemort during the first War.|
|Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody||A member of the original Order during the first Wizarding War. Also rejoined to serve in the revived Order. Killed by Voldemort as he accompanied a fake Harry Potter to a safehouse.|
|Peter Pettigrew||Defected to the Death Eaters and betrayed James and Lily Potter, which resulted in their deaths. Killed by his own magical hand, which had been fashioned for him by Voldemort, for showing mercy to Harry and Ron.|
|Sturgis Podmore||A member of the Ministry of Magic who guarded the Prophecy until he was arrested by a Ministry security guard for trying to break into the Department of Mysteries. For this, he was sentenced to Azkaban for six months. Harry, Ron and Hermione speculated that Lucius Malfoy had placed him under the Imperius Curse.|
|James and Lily Potter||Killed by Voldemort, who was attempting to kill their one year old son Harry.|
|Fabian & Gideon Prewett||Molly Weasley's brothers, killed during the First War. It took five Death Eaters (including Antonin Dolohov) to kill the two of them.|
|Severus Snape||Served in the revived Order acting as a spy. Killed in the Battle of Hogwarts by Nagini because Voldemort believed Snape to be the rightful owner of the Elder Wand.|
|Emmeline Vance||Part of the Advance Guard that helped Harry in his escape from the Dursleys in the fifth book. Death Eaters killed her in the summer of 1996 on information Snape claims to have given, as described in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. However, as Snape was revealed to have been working on Dumbledore's side all along in Deathly Hallows, it raises doubts as to whether he really did provide information that could have been used to kill her.|
|Character||Accomplishments and Operations|
|Fleur Delacour||Helped move Harry from the Dursleys' to The Burrow in Deathly Hallows. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Hestia Jones||Part of the advance guard that helped Harry in his escape from the Dursleys in the fifth book. She then escorts the Dursleys into hiding at the beginning of the final book, along with Dedalus Diggle. Hestia is surprised to know that the Dursleys are unaware of Harry's importance in the anti-Voldemort movement, and later confronts them for the treatment they give to the boy.|
|Kingsley Shacklebolt||An Auror, member of The Advance Guard, secretary/bodyguard for the Muggle Prime Minister, and part of the group that battled the Death Eaters in the Ministry at the end of Order of the Phoenix. Helped organise the Order members and students and fought in the Battle of Hogwarts, near the end of the battle fighting Voldemort himself. After Voldemort's death, he became the acting Minister of Magic.|
|Nymphadora Tonks||Was a member of the Advance Guard, and a part of the group that battled the Death Eaters in the Ministry at the end of Order of the Phoenix. Later fought Death Eaters during the first attack on Hogwarts. Helped move Harry from the Dursleys' to The Burrow in Deathly Hallows. Finally killed during the Battle of Hogwarts by her aunt, Bellatrix Lestrange.|
|Arthur Weasley||Assisted the Order by helping contact people who would believe Dumbledore and Harry's story in Order of the Phoenix. Bitten by Nagini while guarding the door to the Department of Mysteries in Order of the Phoenix. Helped move Harry from the Dursleys' to The Burrow in Deathly Hallows. Fought against Pius Thicknesse, alongside his third son, Percy Weasley, in the Second Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Molly Weasley||Helped guard the Department of Mysteries in Order of the Phoenix; allowed the Order to use her house as headquarters in Deathly Hallows, and killed Bellatrix in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Bill Weasley||Curse-breaker for Gringotts Wizarding Bank, thus becoming a go-between for the Order and the Goblin community. Attacked and scarred by Fenrir Greyback during first Battle of Hogwarts. Helped move Harry from the Dursleys' to The Burrow in Deathly Hallows. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Charlie Weasley||Assigned to recruit foreign Order members during the summer of 1996. Led reinforcements, along with Horace Slughorn, in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Fred Weasley||Helped move Harry from the Dursleys' to The Burrow in Deathly Hallows. Radio contributor on "Potterwatch" under the nom de guerre Rapier. Killed during the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|George Weasley||Helped move Harry from the Dursleys' to The Burrow in Deathly Hallows. Was wounded, by accident, by Severus Snape while on a broomstick; his ear was severed. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts and defeated Yaxley alongside Lee Jordan.|
Rowling admitted in an interview, in response to a question by a reader, that Aberforth is the bartender Harry saw at the Hog's Head pub in Hogsmeade. There are hints that Aberforth is the bartender appearing in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix when Harry notes a "strong odour of goats" in the Hog's Head Inn (in the film version the bartender was seen with a goat), and that the barman looked familiar. Harry has earlier seen a photo of the Order of the Phoenix, which includes Albus and Aberforth, and they look similar. Albus mentions in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire that Aberforth is arrested for "performing inappropriate charms" on a goat. Another link to his goat history is in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows when he tries to convince the Death Eaters that Harry's Patronus, a stag, is his own, which takes the form of a goat. Aberforth is also seen at Albus' funeral at the end of that book.
However, it is not until Deathly Hallows that Aberforth was named directly. He plays an important role by taking Harry, Ron, and Hermione into his bar before the Death Eaters can arrest them. Aberforth later reveals to the trio some facts they did not know about the history of the Dumbledore family. In addition, it is also revealed that he purchased Sirius Black's two-way mirror from Mundungus Fletcher in the previous book. Harry briefly glimpses Aberforth's eye in its counterpart's remaining shard while being held prisoner in Malfoy Manor. Using the mirror to watch over the trio, Aberforth sends Dobby to rescue them and some other prisoners from the Manor.
Aberforth allows the resistance fighters to use a secure passageway from the Hog's Head to the Room of Requirement via Ariana's portrait. The same passage is used to evacuate underage students from Hogwarts, and, according to Neville, it was also used by members of Dumbledore's Army to get food when they were living in the Room of Requirement. Aberforth leaves the Order, believing the war against Voldemort is lost. However, he quickly joins the Battle of Hogwarts, and is last seen stunning Augustus Rookwood. According to Rowling, Aberforth survives the battle, and is still "at the Hog's Head, playing with his goats".
In Order of the Phoenix, she aids Harry after he and his cousin Dudley Dursley are attacked by two Dementors, and chooses to reveal herself to him. Mrs Figg explains to Harry that she deliberately made Harry's stays with her unpleasant so that the Dursleys would continue to send him to her. When the Ministry of Magic tries to have Harry expelled from Hogwarts for underage use of magic (after he cast a Patronus charm in order to protect himself and his cousin) Mrs Figg's testimony before the Wizengamot is crucial in allowing Harry to stay at Hogwarts. However, according to Rowling, Squibs are actually incapable of seeing Dementors. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Mrs Figg attends Dumbledore's funeral at Hogwarts.
As a member of both the original and the newly reformed Order of the Phoenix, he is assigned guard duty to protect Harry, but abandons his position to conduct a shady cauldron-trading deal, leaving a critical opening through which Dementors sent by Dolores Umbridge manage to attack Harry. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Harry catches Mundungus outside of the Three Broomsticks trying to sell Sirius Black's property (which now belongs to Harry after Sirius' death) to Aberforth, and the boy confronts him. Mundungus goes into hiding but is later jailed in Azkaban for impersonating an Inferius during a botched robbery.
In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Mundungus has managed to get out of prison, but the circumstances are unclear. He is Confunded by Snape, and gives the idea of using the Polyjuice Potion to the Order and helps with the escort of Harry from Privet Drive. He travels with Mad-Eye Moody on a broomstick. Though he does flee during the flight from Privet Drive, he only does so when Voldemort himself shows up- not when the fighting initially starts. It is later revealed by Kreacher that, in addition to the property he stole from 12 Grimmauld Place in the previous book, he also took a heavy locket from the drawing room. The locket turns out to be the Slytherin's locket Horcrux. Kreacher is tasked with, and succeeds in capturing Mundungus, who is forced to reveal the locket was taken from him by Umbridge.
Long after resigning from his post, Lupin remains in the story as a friend to Harry. In Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Lupin joins the newly reformed Order of the Phoenix and is part of the advance guard which escorts Harry from the Dursley family home in the book's opening chapters. Lupin lives in Grimmauld Place, the headquarters of the Order. Despite this, he is rarely to be seen in the old mansion as he is often away performing secret tasks for the Order. Later in the book, Harry sees a young Lupin attending Hogwarts with his best friends through Snape's memory. Here Harry watches his father bully a school aged Snape. Lupin does not participate in said bullying and gives several small indications that he disapproved of James' behavior. When Harry confronts Lupin about the scene he witnessed in the Pensieve, Lupin expresses regret at never having had the courage to tell his friends when they were "out of order". Later, Lupin participates in the battle at the Department of Mysteries where he duels and overpowers Lucius Malfoy.
At the end of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, it is revealed that Nymphadora Tonks has fallen in love with Lupin, despite a thirteen-year age gap. He resists becoming involved with her because of the many risks posed by his lycanthropy, and insists that she deserves someone "young and whole". However, by the opening of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, it is revealed that Lupin and Tonks have married. Later in the book, Lupin informs Harry, Ron and Hermione that Tonks is pregnant, although feeling ashamed that he has turned Tonks into an outcast and that his unborn child would have a high chance of inheriting lycanthropy, so plans to leave Tonks and his unborn child. This results in an intense argument between Lupin and Harry. Eventually, he recognises the truth in Harry's words and returns to his wife in time for the birth of his son, Teddy Remus Lupin. Lupin remains active in the Order throughout the year. He is often heard providing the casualty reports section on the pirate radio station Potterwatch under the pseudonym of Romulus. Lupin commands a group of defenders on the school grounds during the Battle of Hogwarts and is last mentioned duelling Antonin Dolohov. Both Lupin and Tonks die in combat, killed by Dolohov and Bellatrix Lestrange, respectively, leaving Teddy an orphan with Andromeda Tonks as his guardian and Harry as his godfather. Rowling has since stated that she originally intended for both Lupin and Tonks to survive, but finally killed them off to compensate for the last-minute reprieve she gave to Arthur Weasley when he survives a snake attack in Order of the Phoenix. He makes one last appearance before Harry is struck down by the Killing Curse when the latter activates the Resurrection Stone to bring forth his parents, Sirius, and Lupin to comfort him. Lupin apologises that Teddy will never know his father, but that he will know why he died: trying to make a world in which his son could live a better life.
Rowling has stated that Lupin is the kind of teacher she wishes she had had. He is good-natured, kind, and able to extract the best in everyone. Rowling explained that his status as a werewolf made him unemployable, and worked as a full-time member of the Order after graduating from Hogwarts instead, while being financially supported by his friend, James.
Moody is perhaps the most famous Auror in the modern times of the Wizarding World, single-handedly responsible for capturing numerous wizard criminals. He is also said never to have killed his quarry, even when permitted to do so, unless he had no other choice. Moody's face is badly scarred, described as looking as if a person with only the crudest understanding of the human face had carved it out of weathered wood. He has lost several body parts, including his left eye, right lower leg, and part of his nose, in fighting practitioners of the Dark Arts, and is cautious - some characters might say paranoid - in that he refuses to eat or drink food which he has not himself prepared. His magical eye can rotate 360 degrees and see through almost everything (including walls, doors, Invisibility Cloaks, and the back of his own head). He walks with a pronounced limp due to his prosthetic leg, and uses a walking staff.
In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Moody is appointed as the new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher at Hogwarts, coming out of retirement as a favour to Dumbledore. Shortly before the school year begins, however, Moody is attacked by Barty Crouch Jr, who subdues him with the Imperius Curse and takes Polyjuice Potion to assume his appearance. He keeps the real Moody alive so that he can be interrogated about his mannerisms and memories, and takes Moody's place at Hogwarts teaching Defence Against The Dark Arts. Moody's well-known habit of carrying around his own drinks in a private hip flask allows Crouch to take the Polyjuice Potion as needed without raising suspicion. The pseudo Moody becomes noted for teaching and demonstrating otherwise higher-level topics to Harry's fourth-year class, such as the Unforgivable Curses and being a demanding teacher who expects students to work, as well as punishing Draco Malfoy by transforming him into a ferret. Crouch/Moody also mentors Harry, encouraging and tutoring him in the three Tournament tasks. After Harry unexpectedly returns alive from the graveyard battle with Voldemort, Crouch/Moody takes Harry back to his office, questions him about Voldemort and the graveyard, and reveals that he is in fact working on Voldemort's behalf. He then prepares to kill Harry but he is stopped by Dumbledore, McGonagall, and Snape. Having neglected to take his hourly dose of Polyjuice potion, Crouch transforms back to his own appearance and, under the influence of Veritaserum potion, confesses everything. Dumbledore then rescues the real Moody from his magic trunk.
In Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, the real Moody has joined the newly re-formed Order, and leads the party transferring Harry from 4 Privet Drive to Number Twelve Grimmauld Place. He appears at the climax of that book, arriving to the battle at the Department of Mysteries after being tipped off by Snape. He also appears with Lupin and Tonks at the very end, when they give the Dursleys a warning concerning their treatment of Harry. Moody's appearance in Half-Blood Prince is minimal, appearing only as a cameo at Dumbledore's funeral. In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Moody is killed by Voldemort; falling off his broom after he is abandoned by Mundungus Fletcher, who is acting as a decoy. The survivors are unable to recover his body, but later his eye is found by Harry upon Dolores Umbridge's door, being used as a security measure. Harry retrieves the eye, disgusted that it would be used in such a way, and later buries it at the base of an old tree in Mad-Eye's memory.
Kingsley takes part in the battle at the Department of Mysteries, and appears to be very skilled at duelling as he is seen fighting two Death Eaters at once. However, after Sirius is killed, he continues the duel with Bellatrix Lestrange, during which Kingsley is hit by a spell that causes a "loud bang" and he hits the ground "yelling in pain". In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, the new Minister of Magic, Rufus Scrimgeour, appoints Kingsley to the Muggle Prime Minister's office. Posing as a secretary, Kingsley is actually the Prime Minister's guard, assigned to protect him from possible attacks by the Death Eaters.
It is revealed in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows that Kingsley is the only wizard that the Dursleys seem to like, due to his skill at blending in well with Muggles and his calm, collected demeanor. In that book, Kingsley first appears with other Order members to move Harry from the Dursleys' home to safety in the Burrow. Later in the book, he manages to send a timely warning to Bill and Fleur's wedding when Voldemort overthrows the Ministry of Magic, giving the guests a chance to escape. He continues to guard the Prime Minister, but is eventually forced to flee. He later is heard preaching equal rights for Muggles and Wizards on the radio show "Potterwatch" under the pseudonym "Royal". Kingsley is a leading figure in the Battle of Hogwarts, where he is first seen organising those who remained to fight. He is later seen duelling an unnamed Death Eater, and ends up confronting Voldemort himself, alongside Minerva McGonagall and Horace Slughorn. Kingsley is appointed temporary Minister for Magic following the death of Voldemort and the deposing of Voldemort's puppet ruler, Pius Thicknesse. However, it was later revealed by Rowling in an interview that Kingsley did become the new Minister for Magic permanently. He revolutionised the Ministry: some of his accomplishments include removing the Dementors from Azkaban prison and advancing the Auror department, through appointing Harry as department head.
Tonks is introduced early as a member of the Order in the fifth book. At the time, she and senior Auror Kingsley Shacklebolt acted as spies for the Order in the Ministry. She helps to escort Harry first from the Dursleys' house to Order headquarters, and later to the Hogwarts Express. Tonks later fights the Death Eaters at the Department of Mysteries, in which she was injured by Bellatrix, and had to be taken to St Mungo's hospital. During Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Tonks is stationed at Hogsmeade and assigned to guard Hogwarts. Harry observes she is constantly depressed and rarely smiles. After Dumbledore's death, it is revealed that Tonks has fallen in love with Remus Lupin, and her Patronus has, as a result of this, changed to the form of a werewolf. Lupin is reluctant to return her affections arguing that he is "too old, too poor, and too dangerous" for her. Because of this, she falls into a depression which disturbs her magical abilities. However, at Dumbledore's funeral, Tonks and Lupin are seen holding hands and Tonks' hair has returned to her favoured pink, signifying that she is happy again.
Early in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Tonks accompanies twelve Order members to take Harry from the Dursleys' home to The Burrow. Before they leave the Dursleys' home, Tonks announces that she has recently married Lupin. She flies with Ron, who impersonates Harry using Polyjuice Potion in order to throw the Death Eaters off the real Harry's trail. During the aerial battle, Tonks fights Bellatrix once again, and injures her husband, Rodolphus Lestrange. Later in the book, Remus reveals Tonks is pregnant. Remus leaves Tonks for a brief period, believing that he, through their marriage, has caused her to become an outcast and their unborn child would be better off without him. After a heated argument with Harry however, he returns to her. In April of the seventh book, Tonks gives birth to Teddy Remus Lupin, named after her father and husband. Towards the end of the book, Tonks and Lupin join the Battle of Hogwarts. During the battle, Tonks is killed by Bellatrix, and Lupin is killed by Antonin Dolohov, leaving Teddy an orphan to be raised by his maternal grandmother, Andromeda. In an interview shortly after the release of Deathly Hallows, Rowling confessed that she had originally intended for Tonks and Lupin to survive the series ending, but felt that she had to kill them after she spared Arthur Weasley in Order of the Phoenix.