risc system/6000

RS/6000

RISC System/6000, or RS/6000 for short, is a family of RISC and UNIX based servers, workstations and supercomputers made by IBM in the 1990's. The RS/6000 family replaced the IBM RT computer platform in February 1990 and was the first computers to see the use of IBM's POWER and PowerPC based microprocessors. RS/6000 was renamed eServer pSeries in October 2000.

History

The first generations of RS/6000 systems used the Micro Channel bus technology but later models used PCI. Some later models used the standardized PReP and CHRP plattforms, co-developed with Apple and Motorola, with Open Firmware. The plan was to enable the use of a multitude of operating systems such as Windows NT, NetWare, OS/2, Solaris, Taligent, AIX and Mac OS but in the end only IBM's UNIX variant AIX was used and supported on RS/6000. Linux is widely used on CHRP based RS/6000s, but support was added after the RS/6000 name was changed to eServer pSeries in 2000.

RS/6000 types of computers are the POWERserver servers, POWERstation workstations and Scalable POWERparallel supercomputer platform. While most machines was desktops, desksides, or rack mounted, there was a laptop model too, the Model 860. A lot of famous computers are RS/6000 based, such as the P2SC based Deep Blue supercomputer that beat world champion Garry Kasparov at chess in 1997 and the POWER3 based ASCI White which was the fastest computer in the world 2000-2002.

Models

Some models were marketed under the RS/6000 POWERstation and/or POWERserver names.

Type 7006

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 41T PowerPC 601 80 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 41W PowerPC 601 80 ? Up to 256 MB. Desktop ? ?
Model 42T PowerPC 604 120 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 42W PowerPC 604 120 ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7008

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model M20 POWER1 33 None ? ? ? ?
Model M2A POWER1 33 None ? ? ? ?

Type 7009

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model C10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model C10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7011

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 220 POWER1 33 None ? ? ? ?
Model 22W POWER1 33 None ? ? to 64 MB ? ?
Model 223 ? ? ? ? ? to 64 MB ? ?
Model 230 POWER1 45 None ? ? ? ?
Model 23S POWER1 45 None ? ? ? ?
Model 23T POWER1 45 None ? to 64 MB ? ? ?
Model 23W POWER1 45 None ? to 64 MB ? ? ?
Model 250 PowerPC 601 66 None 16 to 256 MB Desktop ? ?
Model 25E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 25S PowerPC 601 66 ? ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 25T PowerPC 601 66 or 80 ? ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 25W PowerPC 601 66 or 80 ? ? to 256 MB ? ? ?

Type 7012

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 320 POWER1 20 None 8 to 32 MB Desktop ? ?
Model 340 POWER1 25 None ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 34H POWER1 41.6 None ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 350 POWER1 41 None ? to 128 MB ? ? ?
Model 355 POWER1 41 None ? ? ? ?
Model 360 POWER1 50 None ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 365 POWER1 50 None ? to 128 MB ? ? ?
Model 36T POWER1 50 None ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 370 POWER1 50 None ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 37T POWER1++ 62.5 None ? to 256 MB ? ? ?
Model 375 POWER1++ 62.5 None ? to 128 MB ? ? ?
Model 380 POWER2+ 59 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 390 POWER2+ 67 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 39H POWER2 67 ? ? ? ? ?
Model G30 2 or 4 PowerPC 601 75 ? ? ? ? ?
Model G40 2 or 4 PowerPC 604 112 ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7013

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 520 POWER1 20 None 8 to 128 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 52H POWER1 25 None ? to 512 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 530 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 53H POWER1 33 None ? ? ? ?
Model 540 POWER1 30 None 64 to 256 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 550 POWER1 41 None ? Deskside ? ?
Model 55L POWER1 41.6 None ? to 256 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 560 POWER1 50 None ? to 1 GB Deskside ? ?
Model 570 POWER1 50 None ? to 1 GB Deskside ? ?
Model 580 POWER1++ 62.5 None ? to 1 GB Deskside ? ?
Model 58H POWER2 55.6 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside ? ?
Model 590 POWER2 66.7 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside ? ?
Model 595 P2SC 135 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 59H POWER2+ 66.7 ? ? Deskside ? ?
Model J30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model J40 2 to 8 PowerPC 604 112 ? ? ? ? ?
Model J50 2 to 8 PowerPC 604e 200 ? ? ? 30 April 1997 8 January 1999

Type 7015

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 920 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 930 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Rack ? ?
Model 950 ? ? ? ? to 512 MB Rack ? ?
Model 960 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 970 ? ? ? ? to 1 GB Rack ? ?
Model 980 POWER1++ 62.5 None ? to 1 GB Rack ? ?
Model 990 POWER2 71.5 None 128 MB to 2 GB Rack ? ?
Model R10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R20 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R21 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R24 POWER2+ 71.5 ? ? ? ? ?
Model R30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R40 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R4U ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R50 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7017

Model # of CPUs CPU CPU MHz L2/L3 cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
S70 4, 8, or 12 RS64 125 ? ? ? 1997-10-31 1999-12-13
RS64-II 262 ? ? ? ?
S7A 4 to 12 RS64-II 262 ? ? ? 1998-10-23 2000-12-01
S80 6 to 24 RS64-III 450 8 MB L2 2 to 64 GB 2+ rack(s) 1999-09-24 2001-08-31

Type 7020

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 40P PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop ? ?

Type 7024

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model E20 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model E30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7025

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model F30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model F40 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model F50 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model F80 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model F85 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7026

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model H10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model H50 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model H70 Up to 4 RS64-II 340 MHz ? Up to 8 GB Rack 23 April 1999 17 July 2001
Model H80 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model M80 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7030

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 397 P2SC 160 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 3AT POWER2 59 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 3BT POWER2 67 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 3CT POWER2 67 ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7043

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 43P-140 PowerPC 604e 166/200/233/332 ? ? Desktop/Deskside (same) ? ?
Model 43P-150 PowerPC 604e 250/375 1MB 64MB-1GB Desktop/Deskside (same) ? ?
Model 43P-260 POWER3 (1x or 2x) 200 4MB L2 per CPU 128MB - 4GB Deskside ? ?

Type 7044

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 44P-170 POWER3 (POWER3-II) 333/400/450 1/4/8 MB L2 256MB - 2GB Deskside ? ?
Model 44P-270 POWER3 (POWER3-II, up to 4x) 375/450 ? 256MB - 16 GB Deskside ? ?

Type 7046

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model B50 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Unknown

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 730 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 860 PowerPC 603e 166 ? 32 MB Notebook October 1996 ?

See also

References

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