riot, rout, and unlawful assembly, in law, varying degrees of concerted disturbance of the peace. At common law, an unlawful assembly is a gathering of at least three persons whose conduct causes observers to reasonably fear that a breach of the peace will result. When the meeting is a furtherance of a criminal conspiracy, the participation of only two persons will suffice to constitute the crime of unlawful assembly. Under British law, the Riot Act (1716) required that a sheriff, judge, or other authority appear before an unruly crowd and read a declaration ordering them to disperse, on penalty of arrest. Modern statutes have freed the crime of unlawful assembly from some of its technicalities. Thus, there are municipal ordinances that make unlawful an unlicensed street assembly that blocks traffic even if there is no danger of tumult. An unlawful assembly becomes a rout when the participants take some step to achieve their common purpose; e.g., if three men who have assembled to commit arson proceed toward the building that they intend to set on fire, they are guilty of a rout even if they never reach their goal. There is a riot if violence actually results from an unlawful assembly. If a police officer (or other officer of the peace) commands bystanders at a riot to help him in repressing it, they must obey on pain of themselves being deemed rioters. The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects the "right of the people peaceably to assemble," and has provided protection for many types of assembly, including some forms of picketing and demonstrations.
Riot/Clone were a punk band often associated with the anarcho-punk scene, active from 1979-1983 and then revived in the early 90's until they split up again in 2005. The band were originally known as Riot but the name became Riot/Clone after two members of the original lineup wanted the band's name to become Clone.


They were formed by Dave Floyd in August 1979. They went through many line-up changes in the first few years, something which contributed greatly to them being almost unheard of outside their native West London. Their first two cassette albums, Musical Destruction (1980) and Crime Pays (1981) were only ever released in very small quantities, and it was only when they finally got the money together to release an EP in April 1982 (There's No Government Like No Government) did they make the jump to a wider audience, the EP completely selling out within three weeks. A track from that EP, "Death to Humanity", was also included on the compilation album, Punk & Disorderly - Further Charges. All royalties from this release were donated to the ALF, and had the record company state exactly that on the cover. Two more EPs followed. August 1982 saw the release of "Destroy the Myth of Musical Destruction" and after many unfortunate delays, their third EP, "Blood on Your Hands?", finally came out in January 1984, however the bands line-up had disintergrated the year before.

In 1992, Dave Floyd put together a project named Mad Dog along with Pete Spence, also a former member of Riot/Clone. The band didn't last long, but due to feedback from the tape release, the Riot/Clone EPs were reissued along with a book detailing the band's history. This in turn led to the opportunity to record a new Riot/Clone album, and the band were reborn.

Still No Government Like no Government was released in the summer of 1995. It was a mixture of re-recorded material and some new songs. The CD contained forty tracks in all, and came bundled with a 142 page booklet. 1996 saw the release of this LP on double vinyl, with the original recordings of the EPs added on side four, but without the booklet.

In 1997 they released To Find a Little Bluebird, clothed in a bizarre cover. The albums music was probably the closest to 'hardcore punk' Riot/Clone ever achieved. The album was loosely themed around a short story that came printed on the lyric sheet of the blue vinyl release, and as a spoken word track on the CD. More line-up changes ensued, delaying further releases, until Do You Want Fries With That?, an explicit animal rights album with a cover picture of a dead cow's head. Many regard this as Riot/Clone's best album to date. 2004 saw the release of the final Riot/Clone EP, Mad Sheep Disease, on the Californian label Alternative Records.

Since reforming they initially played only a few UK shows, instead engaging in numerous tours of Europe and America. That changed when Gary joined in 2004, and the band were seen far more frequently in the UK over the next year or so. In May 2005, lead singer and founder member, Dave Floyd planned to move to America so the band had to call it a day. The final Riot/Clone show was held at The Robert Inn in Heston, West London on May 1, 2005.

All the band members carried on with new projects: Dave forming the band Wotnot! and all the remaining members of Riot/Clone forming a new band, Refuse/All.


  • Musical Destruction (LP Cassette, Riot/Clone Records 1979)
  • Crime Pays (LP Cassette, Riot/Clone Records 1981)
  • There's no Government like No Government (EP, Riot/Clone Records 1982)
  • "Death to Humanity" on Punk & Disorderly-Further Charges (Compilation LP, Red Cherry Records, 1982)
  • Destroy the Myth of Musical Destruction (EP, Riot/Clone Records 1982)
  • Riot/Clone live(Live LP Cassette, Riot/Clone Records 1982)
  • Blood on Your Hands (EP, Riot/Clone Records 1983)
  • Dead...But Not Forgotten (Re-issue of EPs with book, Riot/Clone Records 1994)
  • Still No Government like No Government (CD & 142 page book, Riot/Clone Records 1995/Double LP, Step 1 Records, 1996)
  • To Find a Little Bluebird (LP, Bomb Factory 1997)
  • "Taste" & "Wake Up!" on Keep it Angry (Compilation LP, Bomb Factory 1998)
  • "Chumbawanka" on Bare Faced Hypocrisy Sells Records (Compilation EP, 1998)
  • "One Less Parasite" on Aftermath-Profane Existence Benefit Album (Compilation LP, Profane Existence 1999)
  • Do You Want Fries with That? (CD, Upstart Productions/LP, Tribal War Records, 2000)
  • "One Struggle, One Fight" on Direct Action Animal Rights Compilation (Compilation LP, 2002)
  • "Cows with Guns" on Direct Action Arkangel (Compilation LP, 2004)
  • Mad Sheep Disease (EP, Alternative Records, 2004)
  • Success (Dr. Strange, 2007)

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