Definitions

Riel

Riel

[reel, ree-el]
Riel, Louis, 1844-85, Canadian insurgent, leader of two rebellions, b. Manitoba, of French and métis parentage. In 1869-70 he led the rebels of the Red River settlements, mainly métis and indigenous peoples, who felt that their rights were threatened by the transfer (1869) of the Hudson's Bay Company territory to Canada. When the government dispatched (1870) troops to face the rebels, the Red River Rebellion collapsed, and Riel fled the country. In that year, under the Manitoba Act, the Red River settlements were accorded a provincial government. Riel returned to Canada and was elected to the House of Commons, but was expelled (1874) and declared an outlaw (1875). In 1884 he returned to lead a group of indigenous people and métis who were bent on securing titles to their lands in Saskatchewan. The uprising ended with an engagement (1885) at Batoche. He was captured, tried for treason, and hanged.

(born Oct. 23, 1844, St. Boniface, Assiniboia, Can.—died Nov. 16, 1885, Regina, District of Assinibois, Can.) Canadian leader of the Métis people in western Canada. In 1869 Riel headed a revolt against Canadian expansion in the west that resulted in the establishment of the province of Manitoba (1870). Intermittent hostilities continued for several years thereafter, and Riel was officially outlawed. In 1885 he led a Métis uprising in Saskatchewan that was crushed by the Canadians. Riel was found guilty of treason and hanged. His death led to ethnic conflicts in Quebec and Ontario and marked the beginning of the nationalist movement.

Learn more about Riel, Louis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 23, 1844, St. Boniface, Assiniboia, Can.—died Nov. 16, 1885, Regina, District of Assinibois, Can.) Canadian leader of the Métis people in western Canada. In 1869 Riel headed a revolt against Canadian expansion in the west that resulted in the establishment of the province of Manitoba (1870). Intermittent hostilities continued for several years thereafter, and Riel was officially outlawed. In 1885 he led a Métis uprising in Saskatchewan that was crushed by the Canadians. Riel was found guilty of treason and hanged. His death led to ethnic conflicts in Quebec and Ontario and marked the beginning of the nationalist movement.

Learn more about Riel, Louis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

This article is about the Queen of Arnor. For the grand-daughter of Sam Gamgee, see Fíriel. Fíriel is also the name of the central character in "The Last Ship", the last poem in Tolkien's poetry collection The Adventures of Tom Bombadil.''

Fíriel is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkien's universe of Middle-earth.

As the daughter of King Ondoher of Gondor, Fíriel was wed to Prince Arvedui of Arthedain (the successor to Arnor after its breakup) during a time when Arvedui's father Araphant made an alliance with Ondoher. This marked the first time that Arnor and Gondor had renewed contact after a long estrangement and silence.

However, neither side could send help to the other as both Kingdoms were under attack: Arnor by Angmar, and Gondor by the Wainriders.

During the Wainriders' assault on Gondor, Ondoher and his sons Artamir and Faramir were killed. This meant that according to the Law of Númenor, Fíriel was now the Ruling Queen. Arvedui used this, as well as the fact that he was a direct descendant of Isildur and she was a direct descendant of Anárion, as an argument to claim the crown of Gondor. This was refused by Pelendur, the Steward of Gondor who influenced the Ruling Council that governed the kingdom in the interim. They instead chose Eärnil, who though being still of the Royal House of Gondor was not in the line of direct succession; his great-grandfather Arciryas was the brother of Narmacil II, and Eärnil's great-great-grandfather was King Telumehtar Umbardacil. Eärnil won the crown, being highly popular because he had destroyed the Wainriders, and much of the populace of Gondor thought little of Arthedain as it was weak despite the lineage of its lords.

Fíriel's marriage to Arvedui proved fateful, as it reunited the lines of Isildur and Anárion, and because Anárion's line would have died out afterwards when Eärnil's son Eärnur left no heir. Through her, Aragorn II could claim descent from both the line of Isildur and of Anárion.

Fíriel remained with her husband in the north, though her fate is not recorded. When Arthedain was destroyed by Angmar she probably fled with her son Aranarth to Lindon.

Search another word or see rielon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;