Vitória's home games are played in the club's own stadium (Manoel Barradas, capacity 32,000). They play in red and black horizontal striped shirts, black shorts and black socks. The stripes have changed in time: they are sometimes vertical, sometimes horizontal, sometimes wide, sometimes narrow.
The club was founded on May 13, 1899, by the brothers Artur and Artêmio Valente. They were from a traditional Bahia family, and discovered football during their studies in England. Initially, however, Vitória was a cricket club named Club de Cricket Victoria.
On May 22, 1901, Vitória played its first football match, at Campo da Pólvora, against International Sport Club, a team whose players were English seamen. Vitória beat International 3-2. Two months after that match, Vitória changed its original colors, which were black and white, to red and black, which are still in use.
In 1908, Vitória won its first title ever. The club won the Campeonato Baiano.
In 1998, was founded the Vitória S/A (short for Vitória Sociedade Anônima), which is an incorporated company created to manage the club's professional football businesses.
In 2004, Vitória, after a poor campaign, was relegated to the Brazilian Second Division.
In 2005, the club disputed the Brazilian Second Division, ending in 17th, being relegated to the Third Division.
In 2007, Vitória played the Brazilian Second Division and was promoted back to the Brazilian First Division after finishing in 4th place. This means the club managed to return from the lowest Brazilian division to its original place in the First Division in only two years.
The club's mascot is a lion named Lelê Leão (Lion), and, according to Vitória's official site, his objective is to stimulate the club's supporters and players on match days.