|Valve involved||Stenotic disease||Insufficiency disease|
|Aortic valve||Aortic valve stenosis||Aortic insufficiency|
|Mitral valve||Mitral valve stenosis||Mitral insufficiency|
|Tricuspid valve||Tricuspid valve stenosis||Tricuspid insufficiency|
|Pulmonary valve||Pulmonary valve stenosis||Pulmonary insufficiency|
Heart valve dysplasia is an error in the development of any of the heart valves, and a common cause of congenital heart defects in humans as well as animals; tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect with four abnormalities, one of which is stenosis of the pulmonary valve. Ebstein's anomaly is an abnormality of the tricuspid valve.
Rheumatic fever was in the past a common cause of valvular heart disease (referred to as "rheumatic heart disease"). Inflammation of the heart valves due to any cause is called endocarditis; this is usually due to bacterial infection but may also be due to cancer (marantic endocarditis), certain autoimmune conditions (Libman-Sacks endocarditis) and hypereosinophilic syndrome (Loeffler endocarditis). Certain medications have been associated with valvular heart disease, most prominently ergotamine derivatives pergolide and cabergoline.
Studies from Second Military Medical University, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery yield new data on rheumatic heart disease risk factors.
Mar 07, 2010; Current study results from the report, 'Association of TNFAIP3 polymorphism with rheumatic heart disease in Chinese Han...