Bouches-du-Rhône (Occitan: Bocas de Ròse, lit. "Mouths of the Rhône River") is a department in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River.
History of the department
Bouches-du-Rhône is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Provence and the principalities of Orange, Martigues, and Lambesc. It lost part of its territory in 1793, including Orange and Apt, when the Vaucluse department was created.
History of the area
The history of the area is closely linked to that of Provence. Marseille has been an important harbor since before Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul. The Roman presence has left numerous monuments across the department.
The department is part of the current region
of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
. It is surrounded by the departments of Gard
on the west, Vaucluse
on the north, and Var
on the east, and by the Mediterranean Sea
on the south.
Marseille contains an important harbor.
Other cities include:
- Rhône, which forms the border with the Gard department
- Rhône delta (the Camargue), in the southwestern part of the department
The department is well represented in French art. Paul Cézanne
painted numerous representations of the Mont Sainte-Victoire. Vincent van Gogh
spent much of his life in Arles, painting many scenes in the area.