The Military of Slovenia consists of the Slovenian Armed Forces (also Slovenian Army; officially Slovene Slovenska vojska; SAF/SV). The SAF are the armed forces of Slovenia. As of 2003 it is organized as a fully professional standing army. The Commander-in-Chief of the SAF is the President of the Republic of Slovenia (Danilo Türk), while operational command is in the domain of the Chief of the General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces (Albin Gutman).
When Slovenia declared independence at the onset of the Yugoslav Wars in 1991, the TORS and the Slovenian police comprised the majority of forces engaging the Yugoslav People's Army during the Ten-Day War. The Slovenian Armed Forces were formally established in 1993 as a reorganization of the TORS.
During a press conference on July 18, 2008, the Slovenian defense minister confirmed plans for the acquisition of a Russian Svetlyak class (Project 10412) patrol boat. Displacing 355 (full 395) tons and measuring 49.5 x 9.2 x 2.6 m, the vessel will have a maximum speed of 30 knots and a complement of 24.
Armaments include two 30mm AK-630m cannons, two side-mounted 14.5mm machine guns and 16 air-defense missiles. The ship will be built by ALMAZ Shipbuilding of Saint Petersburg; delivery is expected in 2010. Total cost of the purchase is said to be $39.4 million, two-thirds of which will be covered by existing Russian debt.
As part of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slovenia was never a member of the Warsaw Pact. Today, the foreign policy priority of NATO membership drives Slovenia's defense reorganization. Once many countries lifted the arms embargo on Slovenia in 1996, the country embarked on a military procurement program to bolster its status as a NATO candidate and to aid its transformation into a mobile force. Active in the SFOR deployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia is also a charter member of Partnership for Peace and a regular participant in PfP exercises. The United States provides bilateral military assistance to Slovenia, including through the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program, the State Partnership Program (aligned with Colorado), and the EUCOM Joint Contact Team Program.
Slovenia formally joined NATO in March 2004. The transition of her armed forces from a primarily conscript-based territorial defense organization to a professional force structure have the ultimate goal of creating NATO-interoperable combat units able to operate on an even par with units from other NATO armies. Implementation of interoperability objectives as determined by the Planning and Review Process (PARP) and the Individual Partnership Program (IPP) as part of Slovenia's PfP participation proceeds. Slovenia's elite units already train with and are integrated into international units including NATO members--for example as part of SFOR and on Cyprus. Its elite mountain troops will be assigned to the Multinational Land Force peacekeeping battalion with Italy, Hungary, and Croatia. Slovenia hosted its first PfP exercise in 1998--"Cooperative Adventure Exchange"--a multinational disaster-preparedness command post exercise involving almost 6,000 troops from 19 NATO and PfP member nations.
Slovenian soldiers are a part of international forces serving in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq, Chad, Lebanon. They have also served in Cyprus and the Golan Heights as a part of UNFICYP and UNDOF respectively.
|Current Mission||Organization||Country||Nr. of personnel|
|ALTHEA||EUFOR||Bosnia and Herzegovina||35|
|Joint Enterprise||NATO||Bosnia and Herzegovina||2|
|Former Mission||Operation||Country||Organization||Nr. of personnel||Time|
|ALBA||Operation Sunrise||Albania||OSCE||21||May-July 1997|
|UNFICYP||/||Cyprus||United Nations||29||September 1997-June 2001|
|ALBA||Operation Allied Harbour||Albania||NATO||26||May-July 1999|
|UNMIK||/||Kosovo||United Nations||1||October 1999-December 2001|
|OHR||/||Bosnia and Herzegovina||United Nations||1||July 2001-January 2003|
|?||Operation Concordia||Republic of Macedonia||European Union||1||March 2003|
|MLF||Operation Joint Guardian||Kosovo||NATO||11||November 2003-May 2004|
|/||Nato support to Pakistan||Pakistan||NATO||2||November 2005-January 2006|
|International military exercises||Country||Organization||Nr. of personnel||Time|
|Cooperative Nugget 1997||Fort Polk, U.S.||Partnership for Peace/NATO||1997|
|Cooperative Adventure Exchange '98||Slovenia||NATO||1998|
|Cooperative Key 2002||2002|
|Cunning Wassel 2002||2002|
|Clever Ferret 2003||2003|
|Višji štabni praporščak||Štabni praporščak||Višji praporščak||Praporščak||Višji štabni vodnik||Štabni vodnik||Višji vodnik||Vodnik|
Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age
Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 525,031 (2000 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 417,726 (2000 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 14,958 (2000 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $335 million (FY99)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 1.6% (FY99)