In the Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Pandava (or Pandawa) brothers (Sanskrit: पाण्डव pāṇḍavaḥ) are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu (Sanskrit: पांडु), by his two wives Kunti and Madri. Their names are Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva. All five brothers were married to one woman, Draupadi. Together, they fought and prevailed in a war against the party of their cousins the Kauravas, the climax of which was the Battle of Kurukshetra. Their alienated half-brother Karna fought against them and was eventually slain by Arjuna.
The Indonesian Mythology focuses on the brothers "Pandawa Lima" (translated to English: The Five Pandawas). They are:
From Goddess Kunti (Dewi Kunti):
From Goddess Madri (Dewi Madri):
According to legend those five children came from the lineage of distinctive gods of the Hindus. They were the personification and the begotten sons of:
As cousins, the Pandawas and the Kurawas often played together. However, Bima (one of the Pandawas) loved to tease and trick the Kurawas. This led to dissatisfaction and resentfulness of the Kurawas. One day Duryudana started to think about his insecurity and discomfort against the five brothers and plotted to overthrow them from being the Lord of Kuru Dynasty.
The plot began when Dhritarashtra appointed his nephew Yudistira as the crown prince instead of his own son. This caused Duryadana madness and he planned to kill all those five brothers together with their mother Kunti. He offered them to go to a place called Ekacakra - a place set by Duryodhana for them with a huge building in it. His idea was to burn them alive during their slumber at night. Fortunately, the plan was discovered by Vidura who was the uncle of the Five Pandawas. In fact, Yudistira had been warned about this plot by a hermit who came to him telling about a disaster that would inflict him in the future. Later the Pandawas fled the place and ran into the woods.
During their flight the five brothers heard about a competition in the Kingdom of Pancala that offered a marriage with a princess named Draupadi as it prize. Arjuna who was a good archer entered the competition and won the princess. He then took her to his mother but his mother asked her to marry all of them instead.
When Dhritarashtra heard that these five brothers did not die in the inferno, he invited them to his kingdom and granted them with the gift of half the lands of his kingdom. They successfully built up a great city call Indraprastha. The resentful Duryodhana returned and planned to build a city even greater than Indraprasta. He also conspired another plot in order to vanquish Yudhistira. He managed to make Yudhistira fell into his trap and was exiled for twelve years in the forest and one year as anonymyous.And if the Pandavas would have been found in that 13th year they have to go for 12 years in forest and again one year as anonymyous.During this time Yudhisthira planned on taking his revenge against this mighty villain, which later led to a huge revolt against Dhritarashtra.
Iravati Karve has suggested in her book, Yuganta, that the actual father of Yudhishtira, or of all of the brothers, may have been Vidura (probably since he was considered to be an avatar of Lord Yama), and that this was edited and hidden in the story to strengthen the claim for the kingdom by the brothers.
Iravati Karve's theory has been however rubbished by many Mahbaharata authorities like Buddhadeb Bose and Nrsimhaprasad Bhaduri on grounds that the author of Mahbharata had no need to "hide" about Yudhisthira's birth when he writes explicitly and undauntedly about all "illicit" relationships.