Definitions

republic of iraq

Prime Minister of Iraq

Office

The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government. Prime Minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the Prime Minister is to be the country's active executive authority. Nouri al-Maliki (formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be Prime Minister on April 21, 2006.

Appointment

Under the Iraqi Transitional Government, the Members of the Iraqi National Assembly choose the Presidency Council; including the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

The Presidency Council then shall name a Prime Minister unanimously. According to this, the Presidency Council must agree on a candidate for the post within two weeks. In the event that it fails to do so, the responsibility of naming the Prime Minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the National Assembly must confirm the nomination by a two-thirds majority. If the Prime Minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council shall name another Prime Minister.

Qualifications

The Prime Minister cannot be appointed to any other position in or out of government. Because of this, no member of the Armed Forces, National Assembly, Minister, or member of the Presidency Council can be elected to this position unless the individual has resigned his commission or rank, or retired from duty at least eighteen months prior to serving.

The Prime Minister serves a four-year term.

List of Heads of Government of Iraq (1920-Present)

Prime Ministers of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia (1920-1932)

From 1920 to 1958 the Prime Minister was appointed by the King of Iraq, and usually held office for a single year before being replaced.

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Abd ar-Rahman al-Haydari al Gillani 11 November 1920 20 November 1922
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun (1st time) 20 November 1922 22 November 1923 Military
Jafar al-Askari (1st time) 22 November 1923 2 August 1924 Military
Yasin al-Hashimi (1st time) 2 August 1924 26 June 1925 Military/People's Party (Sha'b)
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun (2nd time) 26 June 1925 21 November 1926 Military/Progressive Party (Taqqadum)
Jafar al-Askari (2nd time) 21 November 1926 11 January 1928 Military/Covenant Party
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun (3rd time) 11 January 1928 28 April 1929 Military/Progressive Party (Taqqadum)
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi (1st time) 28 April 1929 19 September 1929
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun (4th time) 19 September 1929 13 November 1929
Ibrahim Naji al-Suwaidi 18 November 1929 23 March 1930
Nuri as-Said (1st time) 23 March 1930 3 November 1932 Military/Covenant Party

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Iraq (1932-1958)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Naji Shawkat 3 November 1932 20 March 1933
Rashid Ali al-Kaylani (1st time) 20 March 1933 9 November 1933 Party of National Brotherhood (Hizb al-Ikha al-Watani)
Jamil al-Midfai (1st time) 9 November 1933 27 August 1934 Military
Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi (1st time) 27 August 1934 4 March 1935 Military
Jamil al-Midfai (2nd time) 4 March 1935 17 March 1935 Military
Yasin al-Hashimi (2nd time) 17 March 1935 30 October 1936 Military/Party of National Brotherhood (Hizb al-Ikha al-Watani)
Hikmat Sulayman 30 October 1936 17 August 1937 Party of National Brotherhood (Hizb al-Ikha al-Watani)
Jamil al-Midfai (3rd time) 17 August 1937 25 December 1938 Military
Nuri as-Said (2nd time) 25 December 1938 31 March 1940 Military/Covenant Party
Rashid Ali al-Kaylani (2nd time) 31 March 1940 3 February 1941 Party of National Brotherhood (Hizb al-Ikha al-Watani)
Taha al-Hashimi 3 February 1941 13 April 1941 Military
Rashid Ali al-Kaylani (3rd time) 13 April 1941 30 May 1941 Party of National Brotherhood (Hizb al-Ikha al-Watani)
Jamil al-Midfai (4th time) 4 June 1941 10 October 1941 Military
Nuri as-Said (3rd time) 10 October 1941 4 June 1944 Military/Covenant Party
Hamdi al-Pachachi 4 June 1944 23 February 1946
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi (2nd time) 23 February 1946 1 June 1946 Liberal Party (Ahsar)
Arshad al-Umari (1st time) 1 June 1946 21 November 1946
Nuri as-Said (4th time) 21 November 1946 29 March 1947 Military/Covenant Party/Constitutional Union Party (al-Ittihad al-Dusturi)
Sayyid Salih Jabr 29 March 1947 29 January 1948 Nation's Socialist Party (al-Ummah al-Ishtiraki)
Sayyid Muhammad as-Sadr 29 January 1948 26 June 1948
Muzahim al-Pachachi 26 June 1948 6 January 1949
Nuri as-Said (5th time) 6 January 1949 10 December 1949 Military/Constitutional Union Party (al-Ittihad al-Dusturi)
Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi (2nd time) 10 December 1949 5 February 1950 Military
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi (3rd time) 5 February 1950 15 September 1950
Nuri as-Said (6th time) 15 September 1950 12 July 1952 Military/Constitutional Union Party (al-Ittihad al-Dusturi)
Mustafa Mahmud al-Umari 12 July 1952 23 November 1952
Nureddin Mahmud 23 November 1952 29 January 1953 Military
Jamil al-Midfai (5th time) 29 January 1953 17 September 1953 Military
Muhammad Fadhel al-Jamali 17 September 1953 29 April 1954
Arshad al-Umari (2nd time) 29 April 1954 4 August 1954
Nuri as-Said (7th time) 4 August 1954 20 June 1957 Military/Constitutional Union Party (al-Ittihad al-Dusturi)
Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi (3rd time) 20 June 1957 15 December 1957 Military/United National Front
Abdul-Wahab Mirjan 15 December 1957 3 March 1958
Nuri as-Said (8th time) 3 March 1958 18 May 1958 Military
Ahmad Mukhtar Baban 18 May 1958 14 July 1958 (deposed)

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Iraq (1958-2003)

After the republican revolution of 1958, the PM became appointed by the President of Iraq and served much longer terms, although in many circumstances the President held both the PM's office and Presidency simultaneously.

Name Term start Term end Political Party
General Abd al-Karim Qasim 14 July 1958 8 February 1963 (deposed) Military
General Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr (1st time) 8 February 1963 18 November 1963 Military/Ba'ath Party
Tahir Yahya (1st time) 20 November 1963 6 September 1965 Military/Arab Socialist Union
Arif Abd ar-Razzaq 6 September 1965 21 September 1965 Military/Arab Socialist Union
Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz 21 September 1965 9 August 1966
Naji Talib 9 August 1966 10 May 1967
Abd ar-Rahman Arif (also President) 10 May 1967 10 July 1967 Military/Arab Socialist Union
Tahir Yahya (2nd time) 10 July 1967 17 July 1968 (deposed) Military/Arab Socialist Union
Abd ar-Razzaq an-Naif 17 July 1968 30 July 1968 Military
General Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr (2nd time, also President) 31 July 1968 16 July 1979 Military/Ba'ath Party
Saddam Hussein (1st time, also President) 16 July 1979 23 March 1991 Ba'ath Party
Sa'dun Hammadi 23 March 1991 13 September 1991 Ba'ath Party
Muhammad Hamzah az-Zubaydi 16 September 1991 5 September 1993 Ba'ath Party
Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai 5 September 1993 29 May 1994 Ba'ath Party
Saddam Hussein (2nd time, also President) 29 May 1994 9 April 2003 (deposed) Ba'ath Party

Invasion of Iraq (2003)

The position of Prime Minister was dissolved due to the Invasion of Iraq in 2003 and not reestablished until June 2004. The Coalition Provisional Authority was in charge, with the Iraqi Governing Council.

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Iraq (2004-Present)

The Iraqi Interim Government was created by the United States and its coalition allies as a caretaker government to rule Iraq until the Iraqi Transitional Government was organized following the Iraqi National Assembly election. The position of Prime Minister was selected to be the Head of the Government

Name Took Office Left Office Political Party Notes
Iyad Allawi 28 May 2004 28 June 2004 Iraqi National Accord Interim Prime Minister, subordinate to civil administrator
Iyad Allawi (Continued) 28 June 2004 7 April 2005 Iraqi National Accord Interim Prime Minister prior to elections
Ibrahim al-Jaafari 7 April 2005 20 May 2006 Islamic Dawa Party Prime Minister under the Iraqi Transitional Authority
Nouri al-Maliki 20 May 2006 Present Islamic Dawa Party Named Prime Minister-designate on 21 April 2006. Became first Prime Minister appointed under terms of new constitution

See also

References

Search another word or see republic of iraqon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature