reign

Reign of Terror

French La Terreur

(1793–94) Period in the French Revolution. It was established by the government on Sept. 5, 1793, to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution (including nobles, priests, and hoarders). Controlled by the radical Committee of Public Safety and Maximilien Robespierre, the Terror eliminated enemies on the left (Jacques Hébert and his followers) and the right (Georges Danton and the Indulgents). A law passed in June 1794 that suspended a suspect's right to public trial or legal defense caused the Thermidorian Reaction, and the Terror ended on July 27, 1794, with Robespierre's overthrow. About 300,000 suspects were arrested during the period; about 17,000 were executed, and many others died in prison.

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A reign is a period of time a person serves as a monarch or pope. No time limit exists on reigns, nor is there a term of office. Thus a reign usually lasts for the remainder of the monarch's life, unless the monarchy itself is abolished or the monarch abdicates.

The term of a reign can be indicated with the abbreviation "r." after a sovereign's name, such as the following:

George VI, King of the Dominion of Canada (r. 1936–1952)

Reigns

A reign can be ended in three ways:

Abdications

Abolitions of Monarchies

King Constantine II of Greece reigned from 1963 until the abolition of the Greek monarchy in 1973.

Humbert II of Italy reigned for only a few weeks in 1946 before the abolition of the Italian Monarchy.

Czar Nicholas II of Russia reigned from 1894 to 1917 during the Russian Revolution when he was forced to abdicate and the Russian Empire was overthrown.

King Louis XVI of France reigned from the 1770s until the overthrow of the monarchy in 1792 and his execution the following year.

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