Yule Island is a small island in Central Province, Papua New Guinea. It lies 160 km from Port Moresby.
Yule Island was one of the first areas in Central Province to have contact with Europeans. Catholic missionaries settled there in 1885 and are still present.
With the European missionaries came catechists from the Philippines, some of which married into the local population. Today, many inhabitants of Yule Island have distinct Filipino features.
Yule Island is surrounded by coral reefs
Several spider species are endemic to this island, including:
The Early Pliocene Echinodermata fauna is rich and diverse, with 19 species known to occur in the Kairuku Formation. Nearly half of these species are also represented in northern Australia stocks, with the northern Great Barrier Reef only 600 km away.
- (2003): Echinoids of the Kairuku Formation (Lower Pliocene), Yule Island, Papua New Guinea: Clypeasteroida. Regularia. Spatangoida. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 124: 125-162.
- (2004): The Yule Island fauna and the origin of tropical northern Australian echinoid (Echinodermata) faunas. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 125: 97-109.
- (2006): Invading Papua New Guinea, Pinoy Style