Reeve

Reeve

[reev]
Reeve, Clara, 1729-1807, English novelist. Her most famous work, The Champion of Virtue: A Gothic Story (1777), was written in imitation of Walpole's Castle of Otranto. After the first edition it was entitled The Old English Baron.
Reeve, Tapping, 1744-1823, American lawyer and jurist, b. Brookhaven, N.Y. In 1784 he opened his law school in Litchfield, Conn.; it was one of the first schools of law in the United States. Aaron Burr, John C. Calhoun, Horace Mann, and many other future senators, governors, and judges studied there.

In the U.S., the chief law-enforcement officer for the courts in a county. He is ordinarily elected, and he may appoint a deputy. The sheriff and his deputy have the power of police officers to enforce criminal law and may summon private citizens (the posse comitatus, or “force of the county”) to help maintain the peace. The main judicial duty of the sheriff is to execute processes and writs of the courts. Officers of this name also exist in England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. In England the office of sheriff existed before the Norman Conquest (1066).

Learn more about sheriff with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Reeve may refer to:

  • Reeve (England), an official elected annually by the serfs to supervise lands for a lord
  • Reeve (Canada), an elected chief executive in some small rural municipalities, although the position is called Mayor in most municipalities in Canada today
  • Shire reeve, an office position that originated the term Sheriff
  • Vogt, an official in many European countries, often translated reeve
  • Reeve Tuesti, a fictional character from the video game Final Fantasy VII
  • "Reeve", a song by Nick Hinton
  • "The Reeve's Prologue and Tale" from The Canterbury Tales by Chaucer

Reeve may also be:

People with the surname Reeve:

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