The Voith AG which is headquartered in Germany, is a family-run corporation in the mechanical engineering sector with worldwide operations.
The Voith Corporate Group is led by the Voith AG Headquarters in Heidenheim, located in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Here, the headquarters serves as a management-holding, with the executive board establishing general business strategies, taking overall responsibility for the groups operations, and providing support to the group’s affiliate companies.
The Voith AG has 37,000 employees worldwide, with 4,200 working at its Heidenheim facility. For the 2006/07 business year, the consolidated group had revenues of 4,2 billion euros, profits of 179 million euros and a new order volume of 5,1 billion euros.
The Voith Group consists of four commercial sectors: Voith Paper, Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation, Voith Turbo and Voith Industrial Services. Overall management of the group is provided by the Voith AG executive board which serves a management-holding, being supported by a stockholder committee as well as a supervisory board.
Voith Paper is a leading (World number 2 after Metso Paper) supplier in the international paper industry, supporting all aspects of the paper-making process from fibers to end products. Voith Paper’s product portfolio includes machines for newsprint paper, protective and specialized papers (decorative paper, thermal paper, cigarette paper, tissue paper) as well as graphic papers, sanitary papers and cardboard. Worldwide, one third of the global paper production is performed on Voith Paper production systems.
Management: Voith Paper Holding GmbH & Co. KG, Heidenheim, Germany. Divisions: Fiber Systems, Paper Machines – Graphic, Paper Machines – Board /Packaging, Fabrics, Finishing, Rolls, and Automation.
Revenues (2005/06): aprx. 1.57 billion euros. Employees: 9,977. Percentage of total group revenues: 42%
Fiber Systems: Complete paper-stock preparation systems and key components for processing primary fibers and recycled paper, including handling, conveyor and waste treatment systems.
Paper Machines: Machinery and systems for producing: paper, carton board, cardboard, and fiber fabrics; Coating machines and reel technologies.
Finishing: Machinery and systems for the refining and re-processing of paper such as, Janus Concept, supercalender, soft and hard nip polishers, roll cutters, roll transporters and roll packing systems.
Automation: Online sensors, control components and software for quality control management in paper machines.
Rolls: Roll service, roll covers and coatings, component conversions, and field service.
Fabrics: Forming screens, press felts, drying screens, press and transfer bands for paper making.
Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation is a joint venture between Voith and Siemens which is now a leading complete-system supplier for hydropower stations. Currently, a third of the world’s hydroelectric power is produced with turbines and generators from Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation including major projects such as: Niagara Falls (1903), Itaipu (1976), and Three Gorges Dam (2003)
Management: Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation GmbH & Co. KG, Heidenheim, Germany
Divisions: Large Scale Projects, Small Hydro, Control and Automation Technologies, Integrated Service
Revenues (2005/06): aprx. 614 million euros. Employees: 2,436. Percentage of total group revenues: 16%
Generators or generator-motor units for all turbine types, sensor and diagnostic systems, frequency converters, safety systems, switching systems for all voltages and transformers. Automated operations and control systems for power stations, remote control stations, optimization and diagnostic systems.
Consulting, engineering, assembly and commissioning. Servicing and modernization of existing hydroelectric power stations. Storage pumps, as well as radial, semi-axial and axial flow pumps.
Management: Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG, Heidenheim, Germany.
Divisions: Industrial, Road, Rail, Marine, and Trading
Revenues (2005/06): aprx. 894 million euros. Employees: 4,264. Percentage of total group revenues: 24%
Industrial products: Hydrodynamic clutches, adjustable hydrodynamic clutches, adjustable planetary gearing Vorecon , torque-converters, mechanical clutches, hydrostatic components, Hirth spur gearing, high-duty universal shafts, safety clutches, elastic clutches, control systems for steam and gas turbines.
Road products: Automatic transmissions for buses, hydrodynamic retarders and shock absorbers for buses and utility vehicles.
Rail products: Drive systems for rail vehicles such as turbo-transmissions, bogie transmissions, anti-slip differentials, universal shafts, cooling systems, Scharfenberg clutches (automatic, semi-permanent) as well as bumpers and locomotive technologies.
Marine products: Voith Schneider Propellers, Voith Water Tractors, Voith Cycloidal Rudders, Voith Turbo Fins, and Voith Water Jets.
Voith Industrial Services is one of the leading suppliers of technical services covering: Industrial maintenance, technical cleaning, engineering, industrial assembly, facility management and process management. These services are provided through Voith’s subsidiary companies: DIW Deutsche Industriewartung AG, the Premier Group, and Hörmann Industrial Technologies.
Management: Voith Industrial Services Holding GmbH, Heidenheim, Germany. Divisions: Facility Service, Process Service.
Revenues (2005/06): aprx. 655 million euros. Employees: 16,858. Percentage of total group revenues: 17%
Facility services: On-site facility management, technical cleaning and maintenance of production systems – for all major industrial sectors.
Process services: Comprehensive production processing services tailored to individual industries, including: production planning, engineering, assembly, maintenance and the modernization of machinery or production systems.
In the mid 1800’s, Johann Matthäus Voith began developing spinning machines, wool reprocessing machines and printing presses. In 1848 he began working with the Heidenheim paper producer Heinrich Voelter (1817–1887), with the common goal of mass producing paper via a new method using wood pulp processing. Here, Johann Matthäus Voith refined this new process and in 1859 he created the first “Raffineur“, a machine that refined the raw wood pulp and thereby significantly improved the quality of paper products. When his son Friedrich Voith (1840–1913) eventually took over the company, it had 30 employees.
At about the same time, Friedrich Voith decided to begin working on water-driven turbines and in 1870 the first Voith turbine was delivered. In 1873, the first Francis turbine was produced and in the same year Friedrich Voith was awarded a Medal of Achievement for his innovations at the World Fair in Vienna. Thereafter, Voith decided to move beyond the production of individual components for paper machines. In 1881, he built a new machining plant, the Maschinenfabrik J. M. Voith, and he delivered the first complete paper-making machine to his customer Raitelhuber, Bezner & Cie. in Gemmrigheim, Germany.
By the end of the 1800’s, Friedrich Voith was busy developing new business contacts in Europe and overseas. His company now offered machinery covering the entire spectrum of paper production and it was the market leader. In recognition of his accomplishments, in 1890 King Karl I of Württemberg selected Voith to join his economic council. Later in 1903, Friedrich Voith founded the first Voith subsidiary in St. Pölten, Austria. At the time of Friedrich Voith’s death in 1913, his production plants in Heidenheim and St. Pölten employed over 3,000 people - including his three sons, Walther, Hermann and Hanns, who also worked in different parts of the company.
Walther Voith took charge of the St. Pölten plant with 230 employees. Hermann Voith managed the overall commercial affairs from the Heidenheim factory and Hanns headed the technical department in Heidenheim. Together, they expanded the company’s role in industrial drive technologies and in 1929 Voith produced the first hydrodynamic clutch and transmission using the Föttinger Principle.
Voith is one of largest family-run businesses in Europe and is still owned by Hanns Voith’s family members, although they no longer take operational control of the company. Today, the company is directed by a management-holding from its headquarters in Heidenheim, Germany.
During the same timeframe, Voith began working on turbines. By 1879 the first Voith turbine regulator had been built, based on the designs from Adolf Pfarr, and it proved to be a decisive step for the generation of electricity through the force of water. By 1890, Voith had even begun deliveries of a high-pressure open-jet turbine. And in the same year, Friedrich Voith was named by King Karl I of Württemberg to join his council of commercial advisors in recognition of his successful business achievements. At the company’s 25th anniversary in 1892, 330 people were employed by Voith and it was one of the largest companies in the Kingdom of Württemberg.
The first Voith subsidiary, located in St. Pölten, Austria, was founded in 1903 and in that same year Voith received the largest order in its history: Voith was to build the world’s largest water turbines, having 12,000 hp, for the Niagara Falls Hydroelectric Power Station. This project turned out to be a milestone for both the company as well as for the history of hydroelectric power.
In 1911, Voith built the fastest and widest machine of its time for reel-fed printing papers at its plant in St. Pölten, Austria. Shortly thereafter in 1913 Friedrich Voith died and left behind a strong company with 3,000 employees and a leading position in the paper as well as energy markets. His three sons then shared the company’s management responsibilities: Walther took charge of the St. Pölten plant, Hermann managed the commercial affairs in the main facility in Heidenheim, and Hanns headed the technical department.
After World War I, the three brothers decided to expand the company and to concentrate on drive technologies. By 1922, Voith had begun building transmission gear assemblies based on its fluid-dynamics know-how gained from previous turbine projects. This turned out to be yet another breakthrough, which was achieved with the aid of Hermann Föttinger and his pioneering research on hydrodynamic energy transfers. In that same year, the first Kaplan turbine was produced by Voith, being named for its inventor Viktor Kaplan. By 1929, the first Voith hydrodynamic clutches based on the Föttinger Principle were in use at the Herdecke pumped-storage hydropower station. Thereafter, similar transmissions for road and rail vehicles were developed. At the same time, the company became known for the hydrodynamic drives and transmissions that it supplied to industrial production facilities. In addition, Voith launched a new product, the Voith Schneider Propeller (VSP) for commercial vessels which would make the company famous worldwide in the coming decades. This new marine drive could significantly improve the manoeuvrability of a ship, being invented by the Vienna engineer Ernst Schneider and enhanced by Voith.
After successful sea trials on the test boat “Torqueo“, in 1937 the first Voith Schneider Propellers were put into operation in the narrow canals of Venice, Italy. During the 1937 World Fair in Paris, Voith was awarded the grand prize – three times – for its exhibition of Voith Schneider Propellers and Voith turbo-transmissions. A year later, two of Paris’ fire-fighting boats started operating with the new VSP system.
Following the death of Hermann Voith, Hanns Voith led the company in 1942. Later on 24 April 1945, when American troops occupied Heidenheim it was Hanns Voith who personally surrendered the city to the US Army. During World War II, 600 of the company’s 4,000 employees had either been killed or were missing.
Following World War II, Hannes Voith and Hugo Rupf, who served as Executive Board Chairman, then launched a high-growth phase for the company. Their first post-war delivery was a Voith turbine for Norway in 1947. Then major orders started pouring in: In 1949 eight Voith Schneider Propellers went to the United Africa Co, 46 Voith turbo-transmissions were shipped to Brazil and in 1951 a new paper-making machine was delivered to Holland. At the same time, Voith’s new triple-converter transmission for motorized railcars and its Diwa bus transmissions made Voith the market leader in drive technology. In 1953, Voith produced Europe’s fastest newsprint paper machine for the Feldmühle AG: running at speeds of 600 m/min and producing up to 200 tons of newsprint each day. At the 1958 World’s Fair in Brussels, Voith was awarded a gold medal for developing the first turbo-transmission for the diesel-hydraulic locomotives of the Deutsche Bundesbahn (German Railways).
Throughout the 1960’s, Voith rapidly expanded to become an internationally active corporation. In 1962, Voith participated on Europe’s largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power station in Vianden, Luxembourg by supplying two spiral turbines, four storage pumps, and two pump turbines. For years later, Voith set another record by delivering the widest newsprint machine in the world to Sweden. Between 1962 and 1966, the company also made major investments in the Indian company Utkal Machinery Ltd. and the Spanish company Talleres de Tolosa. Voith also took over the tooling and paper machine manufacturer Dörries as well as founding new sales offices in Great Britain and France. In addition, a new subsidiary was founded in Brazil in 1964: the Voith S.A. in São Paulo.
In the 1970’s, Voith developed its centrimatic clutch and the R130 retarder for buses and utility vehicles. In the USA, Voith founded a subsidiary in Appleton, Wisconsin in 1974 and also became the major shareholder of Morden Machines in Portland, Oregon. Two years later, Voith founded its first Japanese subsidiary. Following the death of Hanns Voith, Hugo Rupf became the company’s Managing Director in 1971 and in 1973 he became the Chairman of the Board of Directors.
Following the acquisition of Appleton Mills, USA in 1983, Voith entered the market for paper machine clothing. In addition, Voith took over the hydropower operations of the US market leader Allis Chalmers in York, Pennsylvania. Within a few years, Voith expanded its US workforce from 200 to 1,300. In 1985, Voith also entered the India, establishing a production plant in Hyderabad.
In the 1990’s, Voith began to expand its operations in the Far East, concentrating on China. In 1994, Voith supplied the turbines for the world’s largest pumped storage hydroelectric power station at Guangzhou II. And two years later, Voith received the contract to build the world’s largest fine paper machine in Dagang. In Kunshan and Liaoyang, China, the company also opened new production plants in 1996.
Under the leadership of Michael Rogowski, who had been Voith’s spokesman since 1986, the company was reorganized and it became a management-holding with independently operating commercial sectors. In the following years, Voith’s technical masterpieces were the introduction of the R 115 integrated retarder in 1988 and the commissioning of the largest European deinking facility in Schongau in 1989.
In 1994, Voith and the Swiss company, Sulzer, merged their technical paper production activities. And in 1999, Voith acquired the technical paper-making operations of the British company, Scapa - thereby became the leader in machine clothing technologies. The next year, the Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation was founded as a joint venture between the two international leaders in turbine and generator technologies.
In 2000, Voith’s leadership also changed hands, with Michael Rogowski handing over the company’s operational responsibilities to Hermut Kormann. Under his leadership, Voith has become a worldwide, family-run company with orders totaling 4 billion euros and a workforce of 34,000 people. A key development has been Voith’s entry into the field of technical industrial service. By assuming the controlling interest in the DIW Deutsche Industriewartung AG, Stuttgart, the cornerstone was laid for the new commercial division: Voith Industrial Services. In past years, this division has seen considerable growth and other acquisitions have also followed, including: The Imo-Hüther Group, the US Premier Group and Hörmann Industrial Technologies.
In May 2006, the new Voith Paper Technology Center was opened in Heidenheim. In Scotland, Voith’s subsidiary Wavegen introduced the first wave-driven generator that can supply electricity to a local power grid. And after only 18 months, Voith produced the world’s strongest diesel-hydraulic locomotive: the Voith Maxima.