, and Islam
, the Recording angel
is the messenger of God who records the events, actions, and/or prayers of each individual human. In the Book of Malachi
3:16, the prophet describes Heaven
as having angels in conference, and "The LORD took note and listened, and a book of remembrance was written before him of those who revered the LORD and thought on his name." In Judaic thought, Gabriel
is the principal recording angel, as shown in Ezekiel
9:3-4, where he is "the man clothed in linen, who had the writing case at his side" who put the mark of Passover
on Jewish houses in Egypt.
To some degree, the recording angel overlaps with the Guardian angel in Christian theology. The guardian angel serves as an individual's recording angel.