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Chiddingstone

Chiddingstone is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The parish is located on the River Eden between Tonbridge and Edenbridge. The village of Chiddingstone Causeway is included in the parish.

The village

Origin of name

A popular theory is that the village takes its name from a large sandstone rock formation, situated on its outskirts, named the Chiding Stone. Tradition asserts that the stone was used as a seat of judgement, mainly to remonstrate overbearing local wives. It has also been wrongly described as a Druidical ritual site and more convincingly suggested as being a landmark used as a Saxon boundary marker. Chiddingstone means "the stone of Chidda's tribe" - Chidda presumably being a local Saxon leader.

Ownership of village

Chiddingstone is unique in that, apart from the church and the Castle, the entire village is owned by the National Trust. It is described as being " the most perfect surviving example of a Tudor village in the county".

Film location

The village was used as a setting in the 1985 Merchant Ivory film "A Room with a View", in the scene where Lucy and Cecil take a walk after their engagement party. The High Street is seen from the end nearest to The Castle Inn. Michael Winner used Chiddingstone in his production of 'The Wicked Lady'. Terry Jones and the "Monty Python" team filmed here for 'Wind in the Willows'. 'Elizabeth R', starring Glenda Jackson was largely made here, as was Gerald Scarfe's 'Life of Hogarth'

Parish Church

The parish church, dedicated to St Mary, enhances the look of the village, and is perhaps the fourth built on that site. In the churchyard is a mausoleum dating from 1736 built by Henry Streatfeild; and round the walls, which are panelled, run wooden benches. The church was almost destroyed by a lightning fire in 1624. In recent years it has had new heating, lighting and sound systems installed. In addition to this the chapel has been re-decorated and a lavatory has been built adjoining this.

A very brief history of St Mary the Virgin ~ Chiddingstone

What we know as St Mary's is either the third or fourth church on this site.

The earliest written evidence of a church here was 1086AD.

The plan of the building, as it appears today, is of the 14 th century. It is likely that this was when the walls of the earlier building were removed and replaced with arcades and aisles north and south. You can still see the early fourteenth century windows at the western end of each aisle, and the east window of the south aisle. The Chancel window is also of this period. The fine Perpendicular style west tower was built in the fifteenth century.

An interesting feature near the top of the tower is the collection of stone faces. One is double headed; another has two noses, two mouths, and three eyes, and many are putting out their tongues in a derisory manner towards the village.

Also from the fifteenth century are windows in the sidewall of the North aisle.

In 1516 the chapel, beyond the present organ, was enlarged to its present size.

On 17 th July 1624 the church was struck by lightning and caught fire. The damage was extensive, leaving only the tower standing, and it was not until 1629 that the repairs were sufficient for the Bishop to reconsecrate the building.

The bible displayed in the glass case is one of the few remaining “vinegar” bibles. The left hand page heading should, of course, read “the parable of the vineyard”. The Font, dated 1628 and costing £3.10s, has been called the finest of its period in Kent.

The iron grave slabs in the floor of the south aisle were made locally when iron making was an important industry in the Weald. The slab in the nave is one of the earliest known, dating from 1601, and is to Richard Streatfeild, an ironmaster.

At the same time as holding the living of Chiddingstone, in plurality with Sundridge, Edward Tenison gave the magnificent brass chandelier to the church in 1726, and a similar one to Sundridge.

The Tower contains a peel of eight bells, the earliest of which dates from 1753.

At the same time as other major repairs were carried out in 1991, all the bells were retuned, and No. 6 was recast and inscribed “To the memory of Philip Everest and Jane Streatfeild”, the late Churchwardens of the parish.

St Mary's ~ Chiddingstone with St Luke's ~ Chiddingstone Causeway St Mary's is the sister church of St Luke's in Chiddingstone Causeway.

As a rule of thumb we have our main service at 10am here at St Mary's, between Easter and Harvest Festival after which we move lock, stock, cassocks and hymn books to St Luke's.

On alternate weeks there is an 8am said Communion or a service of Compline at 6pm in the church that is not being used for the main service. If this is all too complicated details are posted on the notice boards at both churches.

We have a flourishing Sunday School, Choir, Sunday Youth Group, Mothers' & Toddlers' Group, a Team of Bell Ringers and a Youth Club.

The C of E Primary School, across the road, is ably supported by a Nursery School.

Our Priest-in-Charge is Ian Harrison on 01892 870478 and he in turn is supported by Carol Benton, Pastoral Assistant, on 01892 870483.

The parish

There are several reserves in the area including:

Penshurst railway station is located in the village of Chiddingstone Causeway. It is on the line between Tonbridge and Redhill.

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External links

References

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