Definitions

reconcentrado

Timeline of Philippine–American War

1898

May

June

July

August

September

  • September 15 - Philippine assembly ratifies Malolos constitution, establishing Philippine Republic as an independent state

October

December

  • December 10 - Final Treaty of Paris signed by Spain and U.S; U.S. pays Spain US$20 million for possession of Guam, Puerto Rico and The Philippines.

1899

January

February

March

  • March 31 - American forces captures Malolos, capital of the Philippine Republic on Luzon, driving out Aguinaldo and his government

April

June

November

December

  • December 2 - Battle of Tirad Pass - On Luzon, 60 Filipino patriots under General del Pilar fight off an attack of 500 U.S. Infantry for 5 hours, before nearly all Filipinos are killed, including del Pilar.
  • December 19 - Battle of Paye - On Luzon, Filipine General Licerio Geronimo routs an American brigade under General Lawton, in which Lawton is killed.

1900

April

  • April 15 - Siege of Catubig - Filipino guerrillas launch a surprise attack against a detachment of American soldiers, and, after a four-day siege, force them to evacuate the town of Catubig on Samar.

May

June

  • - General Arthur MacArthur, Jr. proclaims 90 day amnesty and offers 30 pesos per rifle. The amnesty pledges "complete immunity for the past and liberty for the future." The results of the amnesty were disappointing. It is suspected that many of the natives surrendering were opportunists collecting bounty for obsolete weapons.
  • June 4 - Battle of Macahambus - On Macahambus Gorge in Cagayan de Misamis, Northern Mindanao (present day Cagayan de Oro), Filipinos rout an Americans regiment and inflict heavy casualties, but take less than 5 casualties of their own.

September

November

1901

March

May

September

December

1902

January

February

March

  • March 2 - Court-martial of U.S. Marine Major Littleton Waller begins for the January execution of 11 mutinous porters on Samar. Court votes 11-2 for acquittal

April

  • Philippine General Miguel Malvar surrenders in Luzon, followed by 3,000 of his men. Last Filipino general to surrender in the war.

May

  • Court-martial of U.S. General Jacob H. Smith for ordering killing of all males over 10 years of age on Samar; convicted; verbally admonished; sent back to U.S; retired from service.

June

July

1903

1904

  • guerrilla war continues
  • - Massacre at Dolores - On Samar, 47 Philippine Constabulary Scouts ambushed by 1000 pulajans and nearly all killed.

1906

  • guerrilla war continues
  • March 5-March 7 - Battle of Bud Dajo - One-thousand Moros fortify themselves in an extinct volcanic crater on Mindanao and battle a large number of American soldiers, before virtually all Moros Scouts killed.

1907-1912

  • guerrilla war continues

1913

  • United States promises eventual Philippine independence.
  • Moro rebellion phase of the war ends.
  • Philippine-American War ends.

Footnotes

  1. Miller, Stuart Creighton (1982). "Benevolent Assimilation" The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02697-8. p. 161
  2. Miller, p. 207-211; See J. Franklin Bell, War crimes

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