Read, George, 1733-98, American jurist, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. near Northeast, Cecil co., Md. He was admitted to the bar in 1753 and later (1763-74) was attorney general of the Lower Counties (Delaware) and a member of the Continental Congress (1774-77). Initially opposed to the resolution for independence, he later signed the Declaration of Independence. He was president of the Delaware constitutional convention in 1776 and president of Delaware (1777-78). Read was a member of the Constitutional Convention (1787) and helped to make Delaware the first state to ratify the Constitution (Dec. 7, 1789). A U.S. Senator (1789-93), he resigned to become (1793) chief justice of Delaware.

See W. T. Read, Life and Correspondence of George Read (1870).

Read, Sir Herbert, 1893-1968, English poet and critic. His studies at the Univ. of Leeds were interrupted by World War I, in which he served with a Yorkshire regiment. After the war he completed his education. His first volume of poems, Naked Warriors (1919), treats the horrors of war. An advocate of free verse, he published poetry all his life; his last volume of Collected Poems was published in 1966. Read was an important critic of both art and literature, and he influenced the treatment of these subjects in British education. As an art critic he defined and advocated various modern art movements and aided the careers of many British artists, notably Henry Moore. His works of art criticism include The Innocent Eye (1933), Art and Industry (1934), Art and Society (1936), Education Through Art (1943), Art Now (1948), The Grass Roots of Art (1961), and Art and Alienation: The Role of the Artist in Society (1967). As a literary critic, Read reasserted the importance of the 19th-century English Romantic authors, most notably in The True Voice of Feeling: Studies in English Romantic Poetry (1953). His other works of literary criticism include Form in Modern Poetry (1932), Coleridge as Critic (1949), and Phases of English Poetry (1950). Read also wrote many essays, some of which are collected in The Cult of Sincerity (1969).

See his autobiographical The Contrary Experience (1974); studies by W. T. Harder (1972) and G. Woodcock (1972).

A read/write lock pattern or simply RWL is a software design pattern that allows concurrent read access to an object but requires exclusive access for write operations.

In this pattern, multiple readers can read the data in parallel but an exclusive lock is needed while writing the data. When a writer is writing the data, readers will be blocked until the writer is finished writing.

The current edition of the POSIX standard includes a read-write lock in the form of pthread_rwlock_t and the associated operations

Java version 5 or above includes an interface named java.util.concurrent.locks.ReadWriteLock that allows the use of this pattern.

Also, the Boost C++ Libraries include a read/write lock in the form of boost::shared_mutex

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